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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-K
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended April 1, 2023
or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ______ to ______
Commission file number: 1-5256
vflogoa01.jpg
V. F. CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Pennsylvania 23-1180120
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization) (I.R.S. employer identification number)
1551 Wewatta Street
Denver, Colorado 80202
(Address of principal executive offices)
(720) 778-4000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
(Title of each class)(Trading Symbol(s))(Name of each exchange on which registered)
Common Stock, without par value, stated capital $.25 per shareVFCNew York Stock Exchange
0.625% Senior Notes due 2023VFC23New York Stock Exchange
4.125% Senior Notes due 2026VFC26New York Stock Exchange
0.250% Senior Notes due 2028VFC28New York Stock Exchange
4.250% Senior Notes due 2029VFC29New York Stock Exchange
0.625% Senior Notes due 2032VFC32New York Stock Exchange
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes     No  
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes          No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).     Yes          No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer                         Accelerated filer         
Non-accelerated filer                         Smaller reporting company         
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.



If securities are registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act, indicate by check mark whether the financial statements of the registrant included in the filing reflect the correction of an error to previously issued financial statements.
Indicate by check mark whether any of those error corrections are restatements that required a recovery analysis of incentive-based compensation received by any of the registrant's executive officers during the relevant recovery period pursuant to §240.10D-1(b).
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).    Yes          No  
The aggregate market value of Common Stock held by non-affiliates of V.F. Corporation on October 1, 2022, the last day of the registrant’s second fiscal quarter, was approximately $10,438,000,000 based on the closing price of the shares on the New York Stock Exchange.
As of April 29, 2023, there were 388,677,307 shares of Common Stock of the registrant outstanding.
Documents Incorporated By Reference
Portions of the definitive Proxy Statement for the Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held on July 25, 2023 (Item 1 in Part I and Items 10, 11, 12, 13 and 14 in Part III), which definitive Proxy Statement shall be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission within 120 days after the end of the fiscal year to which this report relates.
This document (excluding exhibits) contains 106 pages.



VF CORPORATION
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PAGE NUMBER



Table of Contents
FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
Certain statements contained herein, as well as in other filings that VF makes with the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") and other written and oral information VF releases, regarding VF’s future performance constitute “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements are made based on VF’s current expectations and beliefs concerning future events impacting VF and therefore involve risks and uncertainties. You can identify these statements by the fact that they use words such as “will,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “expect,” “should,” and “may,” and other words and terms of similar meaning or use of future dates. However, the absence of these words or similar expressions does not mean that a statement is not forward-looking. All statements regarding VF’s plans, objectives, projections and expectations relating to VF’s operations or financial performance, and assumptions related thereto are forward-looking statements. VF undertakes no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law. Known or unknown risks, uncertainties or other factors that could cause the actual results of operations or financial condition of VF to differ materially from those expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, those described as “Risk Factors” in Item 1A of this Annual Report on Form 10-K and other reports VF files with the SEC.
PART I
ITEM 1.    BUSINESS.

V.F. Corporation, founded in 1899, is one of the world's largest apparel, footwear and accessories companies connecting people to the lifestyles, activities and experiences they cherish most through a family of iconic outdoor, active and workwear brands. Unless the context indicates otherwise, the terms “VF,” the "Company,” “we,” “us,” and “our” used herein refer to V.F. Corporation and its consolidated subsidiaries. All references to "Fiscal 2023" relate to VF's current fiscal year which ran from April 3, 2022 through April 1, 2023.
Unless otherwise noted, all discussion below, including amounts and percentages for all periods, reflect the results of operations and financial condition of VF’s continuing operations. As such, the Occupational Workwear business that was sold on June 28, 2021 has been excluded.
VF’s diverse portfolio meets consumer needs across a broad spectrum of activities and lifestyles. Our ability to connect with consumers creates a unique platform for sustainable, long-term growth. Our long-term growth strategy is focused on four strategic choices:
Find and amplify consumer tailwinds. Innovate within our existing brand portfolio while also strategically expanding into adjacencies that complement our current brands and tap into consumer growth spaces.
Build brands on multiple growth horizons. Gain market share through building and managing our brands at different stages of growth across the portfolio, as well as through mergers and acquisitions and business development to benefit both individual brands and the enterprise.
Leverage platforms for speed to scale and efficiency. Leveraging our strategic platforms, which provide a unique set of large-scale capabilities to enable our brands to connect more directly with consumers and operate more efficiently, including consumer data and analytics, direct-to-consumer centric supply chain, digitally-enabled seamless consumer experience and international platforms.
Resource for portfolio agility and performance. Managing our business with organizational agility and dynamically
allocate capital and deploy people to drive our highest-priority strategic and growth-focused initiatives.
VF is diversified across brands, product categories, channels of distribution, geographies and consumer demographics. We own a broad portfolio of brands in the outerwear, footwear, apparel, backpack, luggage and accessories categories. Our largest brands are Vans®, The North Face®, Timberland® and Dickies®.
Our products are marketed to consumers through our wholesale channel, primarily in specialty stores, national chains, mass merchants, department stores, independently-operated partnership stores and with strategic digital partners. Our products are also marketed to consumers through our own direct-to-consumer operations, which include VF-operated stores, concession retail stores, brand e-commerce sites and other digital platforms. Revenues from the direct-to-consumer business represented 45% of VF’s total Fiscal 2023 revenues. In addition to selling directly into international markets, many of our brands also sell products through licensees, agents and distributors. In Fiscal 2023, VF derived 58% of its revenues from the Americas, 29% from Europe and 13% from Asia-Pacific.
To provide diversified products across multiple channels of distribution in different geographic areas, we rely on our global sourcing of finished goods from independent contractors. Our highly sophisticated and diversified supply chain utilizes leading technologies for inventory replenishment that enable us to match our assortment of products to consumer demand. Through an increasingly localized approach, we have established three main regional sourcing hubs which has led to reduced lead times by moving production closer to end consumption.
VF's chief operating decision maker allocates resources and assesses performance based on a global brand view which represents VF's operating segments. Global brands have been combined into reportable segments based on similar economic characteristics and qualitative factors. The reportable segments for financial reporting purposes have been identified as: Outdoor, Active and Work.
VF Corporation Fiscal 2023 Form 10-K 1

Table of Contents
The following table summarizes VF’s brands by reportable segment:
REPORTABLE SEGMENTBRANDSPRIMARY PRODUCTS
Outdoor
The North Face®
High performance outdoor apparel, footwear, equipment, accessories
Timberland®
Outdoor, adventure-inspired lifestyle footwear, apparel, accessories
Smartwool®
Performance merino wool and other natural fibers-based apparel and accessories
Altra®
Performance-based footwear
Icebreaker®
High performance apparel and accessories based on natural fibers
Active
Vans®
Youth culture/action sports-inspired footwear, apparel, accessories
Supreme®
Streetwear apparel, footwear, accessories
Kipling®
Handbags, luggage, backpacks, totes, accessories
Napapijri®
Premium outdoor-inspired apparel, footwear, accessories
Eastpak®
Backpacks, luggage
JanSport®
Backpacks, luggage
Work
Dickies®
Work and work-inspired lifestyle apparel and footwear
Timberland PRO®
Protective work footwear, work and work-inspired lifestyle apparel
Financial information regarding VF’s reportable segments is included in Note 20 to the consolidated financial statements.
OUTDOOR SEGMENT

Our Outdoor segment is a group of authentic outdoor-based lifestyle brands. Product offerings include performance-based and outdoor apparel, footwear and equipment.
The North Face® is the largest brand in our Outdoor segment. The North Face® brand features performance-based apparel, outerwear, sportswear and footwear for men, women and children. Its equipment line includes tents, sleeping bags, backpacks and accessories. Many of The North Face® products are designed for extreme winter sport activities, such as high altitude mountaineering, skiing, snowboarding, and ice and rock climbing. The North Face® products are marketed globally, primarily through specialty outdoor and premium sporting goods stores, department stores, independent distributors, independently-operated partnership stores, concession retail stores, approximately 230 VF-operated stores, on websites with strategic digital partners and online at www.thenorthface.com.
The Timberland® brand offers outdoor, adventure-inspired lifestyle footwear, apparel and accessories that combine performance benefits and versatile styling for men, women and children. We sell Timberland® products globally through chain, department and specialty stores, independent distributors and licensees, independently-operated partnership stores, concession retail stores, approximately 170 VF-operated stores, on websites with strategic digital partners and online at www.timberland.com.
The Smartwool® brand offers active outdoor consumers a premium, technical layering system of merino wool socks, apparel and accessories that are designed to work together in fit, form and function. Smartwool® products are sold globally through specialty outdoor and premium sporting goods stores, independent distributors, on websites with strategic digital partners and online at www.smartwool.com.
Altra® is a performance-based footwear brand primarily in the road and trail running categories. Altra® products are sold globally through premium outdoor and specialty stores, independent distributors, on websites with strategic digital partners and online at www.altrarunning.com.
The Icebreaker® brand specializes in performance apparel and accessories based on natural fibers, including merino wool and plant-based fibers. Icebreaker® products are sold globally through specialty outdoor and premium sporting goods stores, concession retail stores, independent distributors, approximately 25 VF-operated stores, on websites with strategic digital partners and online at www.icebreaker.com.
Key drivers of long-term growth in our Outdoor segment are expected to be a continued focus on product innovation, extension of our brands into new product categories, profitable growth in our direct-to-consumer business including our digital presence, expansion of wholesale channel partnerships, geographical diversification and development, as well as the potential for the acquisition of additional brands.
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ACTIVE SEGMENT

Our Active segment is a group of activity-based lifestyle brands. Product offerings include active apparel, footwear, backpacks, luggage and accessories.
Vans® is the largest brand in our Active segment. The Vans® brand offers performance and casual footwear and apparel targeting younger consumers that sit at the center of action sports, art, music and street fashion. Vans® products are available globally through chain stores, specialty stores, independent distributors and licensees, independently-operated partnership stores, concession retail stores, approximately 750 VF-operated stores, on websites with strategic digital partners and online at www.vans.com.
Supreme® is a leading streetwear brand that offers apparel, accessories and footwear. Supreme® products are available globally through approximately 15 VF-operated stores, select partner retail stores and online at www.supremenewyork.com.
Kipling® branded handbags, luggage, backpacks, totes and accessories are sold globally through department, specialty and luggage stores, independently-operated partnership stores, independent distributors, concession retail stores, approximately 40 VF-operated stores, on websites with strategic digital partners and online at www.kipling.com.
The Napapijri® brand offers outdoor-inspired casual outerwear, sportswear and accessories at a premium price with a focus on marketing to men, women and children in Europe. Products are sold in department and specialty stores, independently-operated partnership stores, concession retail stores, independent distributors, approximately 25 VF-operated stores, on websites with strategic digital partners and online at www.napapijri.com.
Eastpak® backpacks, travel bags and luggage are sold primarily through department and specialty stores across Europe, on websites with strategic digital partners, throughout Asia by distributors and online at www.eastpak.com.
JanSport® backpacks and accessories are sold primarily in North America, through department, office supply and chain stores, as well as sports specialty stores and independent distributors. JanSport® products are also sold on websites with strategic digital partners and online at www.jansport.com.
Key drivers of long-term growth in our Active segment are expected to be our continued focus on product innovation, extension of our brands into new product categories, profitable growth of our direct-to-consumer business including our digital presence, enhancement of wholesale channel partnerships, geographical diversification and development, as well as the potential for the acquisition of additional brands.
WORK SEGMENT

Our Work segment consists of work and work-inspired lifestyle brands with product offerings that include apparel, footwear and accessories.
Dickies® is the largest brand in our Work segment. The Dickies® brand is a leader in authentic, functional, durable and affordable workwear and has expanded to produce work-inspired, casual-use products. Dickies® products are available globally through mass merchants, specialty stores, independent distributors and licensees, independently-operated partnership stores, concession retail stores, approximately 15 VF-operated stores, on websites with strategic digital partners and online at www.dickies.com.
The Timberland PRO® brand offers work and work-inspired products that provide comfort, durability and performance. Timberland PRO® products are available through specialty stores, chain stores, independent distributors, on websites with strategic digital partners and online at www.timberland.com. Timberland PRO® products are also available in most U.S. VF-operated Timberland® stores.
We believe there is a strategic opportunity for growth in our Work segment in both existing and future markets, and in all channels and geographies. We expect growth will be driven by an increased presence in the retail workwear market, additional work-inspired lifestyle product offerings and by continuing to innovate products that address workers’ desires for increased comfort and performance.
DIRECT-TO-CONSUMER OPERATIONS

Our direct-to-consumer business includes VF-operated retail stores, brand e-commerce sites, concession retail locations and other digital platforms. Direct-to-consumer revenues were 45% of total VF revenues in Fiscal 2023.
Our full-price retail stores allow us to display a brand’s full line of products with fixtures and imagery that support the brand’s positioning and promise to consumers. These experiences provide high visibility for our brands and products and enable us to stay close to the needs and preferences of our consumers. The complete and impactful presentation of products in our stores also helps to increase sell-through of VF products at our wholesale customers due to increased brand awareness, education and visibility. VF-operated full-price stores generally provide gross margins that are well above other channels.
In addition, VF operates outlet stores in both premium outlet malls and more traditional value-based locations. These outlet stores carry merchandise that is specifically designed for sale in our outlet stores and serve an important role in our overall inventory management and profitability by also allowing VF to sell a significant portion of excess, discontinued and out-of-season products at better prices than otherwise available from outside parties, while maintaining the integrity of our brands.
Our global direct-to-consumer operations included 1,265 stores at the end of Fiscal 2023. We operate retail store locations for the following brands: Vans®, The North Face®, Timberland®, Kipling®, Icebreaker®, Napapijri®, Dickies® and Supreme®. Approximately 60% of our stores are located in the Americas (53% in the U.S.), 25% in Europe and 15% in Asia-Pacific. Additionally, we sell certain of our branded products through
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approximately 900 concession retail stores located principally in Europe and Asia.
E-commerce represented approximately 43% of our direct-to-consumer business and 19% of total VF revenues in Fiscal 2023. All VF brands are marketed online. We continue to expand our omni-channel approach and integrated marketplace strategies in the Europe and Asia-Pacific regions, in order to engage with consumers at every touch point with innovative assets and by focusing on local relevance. We also continue to increase focus on digital innovation and growth across other third-party digital platforms that are reported within our direct-to-consumer business.
We expect our direct-to-consumer business to gain share in our revenue mix as we leverage strategic platforms that enable our brands to more directly connect with consumers.
In addition to our direct-to-consumer operations, independent parties own and operate approximately 2,400 partnership stores. Sales to these partners are reported in our wholesale channel. These are primarily mono-brand retail locations selling VF products that have the appearance of VF-operated stores. Most of these partnership stores are located in Europe and in Asia, and are concentrated amongst The North Face®, Timberland®, Vans®, Dickies®, Kipling® and Napapijri® brands.
LICENSING ARRANGEMENTS

As part of our strategy of expanding market penetration of VF-owned brands, we enter into licensing agreements with independent parties for specific apparel and complementary product categories when such arrangements provide more effective sourcing, distribution and marketing than could be achieved internally. We provide support to these business partners and ensure the integrity of our brand names by taking an active role in the design, quality control, advertising, marketing and distribution of licensed products.
Licensing arrangements relate to a broad range of VF brands and are for fixed terms of generally 3 to 5 years, with conditional renewal options, outside of certain licensing arrangements for the Dickies® brand that have longer terms. Each licensee pays royalties to VF based on its sales of licensed products, with most agreements providing for a minimum royalty requirement. Royalties generally range from 4% to 10% of the licensing partners’ net licensed product sales. Royalty income was $75.0 million in Fiscal 2023 (less than 1% of total revenues), primarily from the Vans®, Dickies® and Timberland® brands.
SOURCING AND DISTRIBUTION


Product design and innovation, including fit, fabric, finish and quality, are important elements across our businesses. These functions are performed by employees located in our global supply chain organization and our branded business units across the globe.
VF’s centralized global supply chain organization is responsible for procuring and delivering products to support our brands and businesses. VF is skilled in managing the complexities associated with our global supply chain. In Fiscal 2023, VF sourced approximately 362 million units spread across our brands. Our products were primarily obtained from approximately 340 independent contractor manufacturing facilities in approximately 35 countries. Additionally, we operate 21 distribution centers and 1,265 retail stores across the globe. We also utilize distribution centers managed by third parties, as necessary, for certain brands and locations. Managing this complexity is made possible by the use of a network of information systems for product development, forecasting, order management and warehouse management, along with our core enterprise resource management platforms.
Products obtained from contractors in the Western Hemisphere generally have a higher cost than products obtained from contractors in Asia. However, contracting in the Western Hemisphere gives us greater flexibility, shorter lead times and allows for lower inventory levels for the U.S. market. The use of contracted production with different geographic regions and cost structures, provides a flexible approach to product sourcing. We will continue to manage our supply chain from a global perspective and adjust as needed to changes in the global production environment.
Independent contractors generally own the raw materials and ship finished, ready-for-sale products to VF. These contractors are engaged through VF's sourcing hub in Singapore (with
satellite offices across Asia), and to a lesser extent, VF's sourcing hubs in Panama and Switzerland. These hubs are responsible for managing the procurement of product, supplier oversight, product quality assurance, sustainability within the supply chain, responsible sourcing and transportation and shipping functions. In addition, our hubs leverage proprietary knowledge and technology to enable certain contractors to more effectively control costs and improve labor efficiency.
Management continually monitors political risks and developments related to duties, tariffs and quotas. We limit VF’s sourcing exposure through, among other measures: (i) diversifying production among countries and contractors, (ii) sourcing production to merchandise categories where product is readily available, and (iii) sourcing from countries with tariff preference and free trade agreements. VF does not directly or indirectly source products from suppliers in countries that are prohibited by the U.S. State Department.
No single supplier represented more than 6% of our total cost of goods sold during Fiscal 2023.
All independent contractor facilities that manufacture VF products, are subject to VF’s Global Compliance Principles. These principles, consistent with international labor standards, are a set of strict standards covering legal and ethical business practices, worker age, work hours, health and safety conditions, environmental standards and compliance with local laws and regulations.
VF, through its contractor monitoring program, audits the activities of the independent businesses and contractors that produce VF products at locations across the globe. Independent contractor facilities, including those serving our independent licensees, are subject to pre-certification before producing VF products. This pre-certification includes passing a factory
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inspection and signing a VF Terms of Engagement agreement. We maintain an ongoing audit program to ensure compliance with these requirements by using dedicated internal staff and externally contracted firms. Additional information about VF’s Code of Business Conduct, Global Compliance Principles, Terms of Engagement and Environmental Compliance Guidelines, along with a Global Compliance Report, is available on the VF website at www.vfc.com.
COVID-19 has impacted some of VF's suppliers, including the resurgence of COVID-19 lockdowns in key sourcing countries that resulted in additional manufacturing constraints and logistical challenges during Fiscal 2023. VF has worked with its suppliers to minimize disruption and employed expedited freight as needed. VF has and will continue to work to offset any increases in product costs through (i) the continuing shift in the mix of its business to higher margin brands, geographies and channels of distribution, (ii) increases in the prices of its
products, and (iii) cost reduction efforts. The loss of any one supplier or contractor would not have a significant adverse effect on our business.
Product is shipped from our independent suppliers to distribution centers around the world. In some instances, product is shipped directly to our customers. Most distribution centers are operated by VF, and most support more than one brand.
Our largest distribution centers by region are located in Visalia, California, Prague, Czech Republic and Kunshan, China. In total, we operate 21 owned or leased distribution centers primarily in the U.S., but also in the Czech Republic, United Kingdom, the Netherlands, China, Canada, Mexico, Belgium, Israel and France. In addition, VF leases a distribution center in Ontario, California, that will be operational in early-Fiscal 2024 and will become VF's largest distribution center.
SEASONALITY

VF’s quarterly operating results vary due to the seasonality of our individual brands, and are historically stronger in the second half of the calendar year. This variation results primarily from the seasonal influences on revenues of our Outdoor segment, where revenues are historically weighted towards the second and third fiscal quarters. On a quarterly basis in Fiscal 2023, revenues ranged from a low of 19% of full year revenues in the first fiscal quarter to a high of 30% in the third fiscal quarter, with corresponding operating margins of 3% in the first fiscal quarter and 15% in the third fiscal quarter. This variation results primarily from the seasonal influences on revenues of our Outdoor segment, where 14% of the segment's revenues occurred in the first fiscal quarter compared to 35% in the third
fiscal quarter of Fiscal 2023. With changes in our mix of business and the growth of our retail operations, historical quarterly revenue and profit trends may not be indicative of future trends.
Working capital requirements vary throughout the year. Working capital typically increases early in the calendar year as inventory builds to support peak shipping periods and then moderates later in the calendar year as those inventories are sold and accounts receivable are collected. Historically, cash provided by operating activities is substantially higher in the second half of the calendar year due to higher net income during that period and reduced working capital requirements, particularly during the fourth quarter of the calendar year.
ADVERTISING, CUSTOMER SUPPORT AND COMMUNITY OUTREACH

During Fiscal 2023, our advertising and promotion expense was $861.8 million, representing 7% of total revenues. We advertise in consumer and trade publications and through digital initiatives, including social media and mobile platforms on the Internet. We also participate in cooperative advertising on a shared cost basis with major retailers in print and digital media, radio and television. We sponsor sporting, musical and special events, as well as athletes and personalities who promote our products. We employ marketing sciences to optimize the impact of advertising and promotional spending, and to identify the types of spending that provide the greatest return on our marketing investments.
We provide advertising support to our wholesale customers, including independent partnership stores, in the form of point-of-sale fixtures and signage to enhance the presentation and brand image of our products. We also participate in shop-in-shops and concession retail arrangements, which are separate sales areas dedicated to a specific VF brand within our customers' stores and other locations, to help differentiate and enhance the presentation of our products.
We contribute to incentive programs with our wholesale customers, including cooperative advertising funds, discounts and allowances. We also offer sales incentive programs directly to consumers in the form of discounts, rebates and coupon offers that are eligible for use in certain VF-operated stores, brand e-commerce sites and concession retail locations. VF also offers loyalty programs for certain brands that provide a range of benefits to consumers.
In addition to sponsorships and activities that directly benefit our products and brands, VF and its associates actively support our communities and various charities. For example, The North Face® brand has committed to programs that encourage and enable outdoor participation, such as The North Face Explore Fund™ program, and provide trailblazing athletes with funding, gear, education and mentorship to accelerate their progress through its "Athlete Development Program". The Timberland® brand has a strong heritage of volunteerism, including the Path of Service™ program, which celebrated its 30-year anniversary in Fiscal 2023, offering full-time employees paid time off to serve their local communities through global service events such as Earth Day in the spring and "Serv-a-palooza" in the fall. In Fiscal 2023, the Vans® brand supported programs and nonprofits committed to equality, mental health support and empowering everyone to use creativity to discover themselves.
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SUSTAINABILITY AND RESPONSIBILITY

VF and our portfolio of brands strive to be more than just an apparel and footwear company. Collectively, we work to be a leading global citizen, setting a high bar for corporate sustainability and responsibility. Our enterprise-wide sustainability and responsibility strategy focuses on key areas including people, the planet and our products.
People
VF is a people-focused company. Our associates are a force for good in the world, sparking global movements that genuinely make a difference. We have a responsibility to protect and lift-up all who work across our operations and supply chain.
Planet
The well-being of people and the planet are inextricably connected. Through our sustainability efforts, we are taking bold action on climate change to protect the planet for generations to come.
Product
VF brands touch millions of lives every year – from the people that design and make apparel and footwear to the consumers who purchase them. Innovation and responsible product stewardship is infused at every step.
VF prioritizes sustainable materials, circularity, and sustainable packaging to drive scalable change by working to reduce our environmental impact. Other critical components of our sustainability strategy include reducing greenhouse gas ("GHG") emissions, increasing responsible sourcing of materials, reducing waste, implementing green building design, increasing renewable energy use and improving operational efficiency across both our direct operations and supply chain.
VF’s President and Chief Executive Officer, as well as the Company's Executive Leadership Team ("ELT") and Board of Directors are responsible for the oversight of VF’s sustainability and responsibility strategies and targets. VF's ELT Corporate Responsibility Working Group, comprised of executive leaders and subject matter experts from across the enterprise, address salient environmental and social issues. Progress updates and key outcomes of the ELT Corporate Responsibility Working Group are presented to the Governance and Corporate Responsibility Committee of the Board of Directors on a biannual cadence.
In alignment with the Taskforce on Climate-Related Financial Disclosures ("TCFD"), VF has completed an analysis of potential climate-related risks and opportunities. 'Climate Change & Sustainability' has been established as a VF enterprise risk and embedded in our enterprise risk management framework. Updates on enterprise risks, and progress towards associated targets, are provided to the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors quarterly.
VF's science-based targets include the following:
Reduce absolute Scope 1 and 2 GHG emissions 55% by 2030 from a Fiscal 2017 baseline; and
Reduce absolute Scope 3 GHG emissions from purchased goods and services and upstream transportation 30% by 2030 from a Fiscal 2017 baseline.
Other planet- and product-related goals include the following:
Utilize 100% renewable energy across our owned-and-operated facilities by Fiscal 2026, to be primarily achieved through off-site renewable energy investments, including renewable energy credits.
Source 50% of our polyester from recycled materials by Fiscal 2026.
Key packaging materials shall be reduced and originate from more sustainable sources by Fiscal 2031.
VF is currently on course with its internal milestones, tracking progress towards these targets and goals.
In Fiscal 2023, VF issued its second €500.0 million green bond; the inaugural green bond was issued in Fiscal 2020. VF has dedicated an amount equivalent to the green bond net proceeds to support projects that align with key United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals, deliver meaningful environmental benefits and drive progress toward its science-based targets.
Additional information regarding VF’s sustainability and responsibility strategy and actions can be found within our latest sustainability and responsibility report within our “Responsibility” page on www.vfc.com. Also included on that webpage are downloads of our Sustainability Accounting Standards Board ("SASB") and Global Reporting Initiative ("GRI") indices. Information contained on our website or in our sustainability and responsibility reports or related supplemental information is not incorporated by reference into this or any other report we file with the SEC.
HUMAN CAPITAL MANAGEMENT

As a performance-driven company that is committed to its purpose, VF leverages the strength of our business and the capabilities of our people to drive profitable growth and create value for shareholders and stakeholders. Our purpose is to power movements of sustainable and active lifestyles for the betterment of people and our planet. This purpose, combined with a laser focus on performance and delivering on our commitments, allows us to offer a unique value proposition to our associates – a place where you can do well and do good at the same time.
We consider the talent and capabilities of our people as essential to our business strategy and execution, and, as such, put in place strategies to acquire, develop and retain highly diverse talent with the skills and passion to build our brands for our consumers around the globe. Our Human Capital Management ("HCM") practices are designed to promote inclusion, diversity and equity; provide development opportunities for associates across the organization; offer competitive rewards and benefits; and sponsor programs that support wellbeing in an engaging work environment built on enduring guiding principles and longstanding values.
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We believe that having an engaged, diverse and committed workforce not only enhances our business performance but also our culture. Initiatives to promote overall alignment with our performance, purpose, guiding principles, and strategy are therefore important and include internal communications and education about our programs, townhalls across various parts of our business, and a listening strategy that engages associates in providing input and feedback on a variety of topics.
Our Board of Directors and its Committees provide governance and oversight on a broad range of VF’s human capital management efforts. The Board’s oversight includes review of CEO and executive officer performance, compensation and succession planning and inclusion, and diversity and belonging programs and initiatives. The Talent and Compensation Committee works with management on executive compensation and compensation risks, and regularly reviews our progress on company-wide HCM priorities, including inclusion, diversity and equity, benefits, wellbeing, succession planning and talent development strategies. VF’s Audit Committee monitors current and emerging risks, including HCM risks, and VF’s health and safety program. The Governance and Corporate Responsibility Committee is responsible for conducting Board succession planning and the selection of nominees to the Board, and reviews VF’s Code of Business Conduct and VF’s sustainability policies, goals and programs. These Committees provide recommendations to the Board and are part of the broader framework that guides how VF acquires, develops, and retains a workforce that aligns with VF’s values and supports its business strategies and performance objectives. In addition, VF’s ELT is regularly engaged in the development and management of key talent systems, guiding our culture, employee value proposition and talent development programs. The sections that follow provide further background on our associate base, as well as examples of our key programs and initiatives that are focused on the achievement of our objectives.
Associate Base
VF had approximately 33,000 employees at the end of Fiscal 2023. Of VF’s total employees, approximately 60% were full-time and approximately 57% were located in the U.S. In international markets, certain employees are covered by trade-sponsored or governmental bargaining arrangements. Employee relations are considered to be good.
Inclusion, Diversity, Equity, Action ("IDEA")
IDEA is fundamental to our business as we aim to sustain a workplace that celebrates the diversity of our associates. We strive to provide an environment that allows our associates to bring their authentic selves to work every day, and we’re determined to foster a workplace that is free of discrimination and harassment, and promotes allyship, advocacy and belonging. Our Global Inclusion, Diversity and Equity Council sets global goals and strategic direction in alignment with VF’s global IDEA strategy. Our Council to Advance Racial Equity (“CARE”) oversees our commitments on actions that promote: increasing Black, Indigenous and People of Color (“BIPOC”) representation at the director and above population in the U.S.; diverse candidate slates; pay equity; leader compensation tied to successful implementation of our IDEA strategy; mentorship and sponsorship of BIPOC employees and members of the community; and elevating our commitment to education, listening and learning.
These actions are consistent and aligned with VF’s IDEA Statement, committing to equal opportunity for all employees and candidates. At the end of Fiscal 2023, approximately 19% of our U.S. director and above workforce self-identified as BIPOC.
VF is a member of the Paradigm for Parity coalition, which has pledged to promote organizational gender parity globally in leadership roles by 2030. At the end of Fiscal 2023, approximately 53% of the overall VF workforce and approximately 42% of director and above roles self-identified as women. VF aims to remove barriers to uplifting women and has added and expanded resources to support women in the workplace, including career advancement workshops, community building activities through our Employee Resource Groups (“ERGs”), and a suite of benefits designed to promote wellbeing and provide support for parents and families, including paid parental leave.
Our dedication to inclusion and diversity is further reflected in programs sponsored by our ERGs. Our ERGs enhance our culture of belonging by creating a safe space for learning and dialogue for underrepresented groups, establishing a sense of community among associates and providing platforms to collect and share insights to support business imperatives. We currently have various ERGs for women, BIPOC, Veterans and LGBTQ+ communities. VF is committed to maximizing inclusion, diversity and equity not only within the Company, but within the communities where we live and work, while also being a positive influence within the apparel and footwear sector, and society at large.
Culture and Engagement
Our culture is built on our five Guiding Principles: Live with Integrity, Act with Empathy, Be Curious, Persevere, and Act Courageously. We have codified this culture through the lens of “what we do”, “what we see” and “how we feel”, and we measure our culture and Employee Net Promoter Score ("eNPS") via semiannual surveys. Results are evaluated, shared with associates and used to guide management focus and attention. Recent actions have included our Workplace Next initiative, which is focused on 1) driving flexibility for associates where they work, 2) creating engaging work environments that bring associates together to collaborate and innovate, and 3) equipping leaders to manage in a complex, hybrid environment. VF also conducts periodic pulse check surveys for interim feedback on specific topics such as ethics and compliance, safety, communications, and related topics.
Talent Management
Talent Management includes the acquisition, development, skilling and upskilling, and deployment of our talent. We utilize a range of tools and programs including diverse candidate slates, talent reviews, performance coaching and development, succession planning, access to volunteering opportunities, IDEA training and hundreds of online learning modules that are available to all associates.
Associate Wellbeing and Safety
VF endeavors to support the diverse wellbeing needs of our associates and their families. We define wellbeing as not only physical health, but also mental, emotional, social, financial and career wellbeing. We offer a comprehensive and competitive benefits program to our full-time associates that is designed to provide choices and flexibility to meet their needs now and in the
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future. These include health and welfare programs, retirement programs, paid parental leave, reproductive and adoption assistance, paid time off, tuition reimbursement, product discounts, fitness facilities or programs, childcare and educational resources and various on-site services, employee assistance program, and regular wellbeing programming, as culturally appropriate throughout the geographies in which we operate.
Associate safety rests at the heart of our decisions. Nothing is more fundamental than providing people with an environment where they feel safe, secure and supported. Our mission is simple: Foster a culture of safety that enables a workplace free of hazards and sends every employee home safely. Our goal is zero workplace injuries within our operations. We’re using our scale, influence and insight to help establish safe, stable
working environments in the factories producing our products, while simultaneously improving the lives of those in local communities beyond the factory walls.
Ethics and Compliance
VF’s Code of Business Conduct sets forth business policies and principles for all directors, officers and associates of VF. The key principles of our code are as follows: we will lead with integrity; we will treat everyone with dignity and respect; we will compete fairly and honestly; we will follow the law everywhere we do business; and we will strive to make our communities better. Our global Ethics and Compliance program provides VF associates with the tools they need to understand our expectations for ethical business conduct and the courage to speak up and raise concerns without fear of retaliation.
OTHER MATTERS
Competitive Factors
Our business depends on our ability to stimulate consumer demand for VF’s brands and products. As a leader in the industry with a portfolio of iconic brands, VF is well-positioned to compete in its target markets for apparel, footwear, and accessories. Our brands support the active lifestyles of their consumers through the development of innovative and differentiated products and experiences. We support our brands in meeting their commitments to consumers by leveraging our platforms and capabilities to innovate and ensure sufficient availability of high-quality products when and where consumers choose to engage with our brands, and to communicate and maintain long-lasting relationships.
Intellectual Property
Trademarks, trade names, patents and domain names, as well as related logos, designs and graphics, provide substantial value in the development and marketing of VF’s products, and are important to our continued success. We have registered this intellectual property in the U.S. and in other countries where our products are manufactured and/or sold. We vigorously monitor and enforce VF’s intellectual property against counterfeiting, infringement and violations of other rights where and to the extent legal, feasible and appropriate. In addition, we grant licenses to other parties to manufacture and sell products utilizing our intellectual property in product categories and geographic areas in which VF does not operate.
Customers
VF products are sold on a wholesale basis to specialty stores, national chains, mass merchants, department stores, independently-operated partnership stores and strategic digital partners. In addition, we sell products on a direct-to-consumer basis through VF-operated stores, concession retail stores, brand e-commerce sites and other digital platforms. Our international sales represented 48% of our total revenues in the year ended March 2023, with Europe being the largest international market.
Sales to VF’s ten largest customers amounted to approximately 15% of total revenues in Fiscal 2023. Sales to the five largest customers amounted to approximately 9% of total revenues in Fiscal 2023. Sales to VF’s largest customer totaled approximately 2% of total revenues in Fiscal 2023.
Backlog
The dollar amount of VF’s order backlog as of any date is not indicative of actual future shipments and, accordingly, is not material to an understanding of the business taken as a whole.
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INFORMATION ABOUT OUR EXECUTIVE OFFICERS

The following are the executive officers of VF Corporation as of May 25, 2023. The executive officers are generally elected annually and serve at the pleasure of the Board of Directors. None of the VF Corporation executive officers have any family relationship with one another or with any of the directors of VF Corporation.
Benno Dorer, 59, has been Interim President and Chief Executive Officer of VF since December 2022 and a Director of VF since 2017. Mr. Dorer served as VF's Lead Independent Director from July 2021 until December 2022.
Matthew H. Puckett, 49, has been Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of VF since June 2021. He served as Vice President Global Financial Planning & Analysis from June 2019 until May 2021, Vice President Chief Financial Officer of VF International from April 2015 until May 2019, Vice President – Chief Financial Officer Timberland from October 2011 until March 2015 and Vice President Chief Financial Officer VF Sportswear April 2009 until October 2011. Mr. Puckett joined VF in 2001.
Kevin D. Bailey, 62, has been Global Brand President, Vans® since March 2022. He served as Executive Vice President and President, APAC and Emerging Brands from August 2020 until February 2022 (Emerging Brands) and June 2022 (APAC), Executive Vice President and Group President, APAC from January 2017 until August 2020, President Action Sports & VF CASA from March 2016 until December 2016, President Action Sports and the Vans® brand from April 2014 until February 2016, Global President of the Vans® brand from June 2009 until March 2014 and Vice President Direct-to-Consumer for the Vans® brand from June 2002 until November 2007. Mr. Bailey joined VF in 2004 with the Vans® acquisition.
Martino Scabbia Guerrini, 58, has been Executive Vice President, and President, EMEA and Emerging Brands since March 2022, and President, APAC since November 2022. He served as Executive Vice President and Group President — EMEA from January 2018 until March 2022. He served as President — VF EMEA from April 2017 until December 2017, Coalition President — Jeanswear, Sportswear and Contemporary International from January 2013 until November 2017, President — Sportswear and Contemporary EMEA from February 2009 until December 2012 and President — Sportswear and Packs from August 2006 until January 2009. Mr. Guerrini joined VF in 2006.
Bryan H. McNeill, 61, has been Vice President — Controller and Chief Accounting Officer since April 2015. He served as Controller and Supply Chain Chief Financial Officer of VF International from January 2012 until March 2015 and Controller of VF International from May 2010 until December 2011. Mr. McNeill joined VF in 1993.
Nicole Otto, 52, has been Global Brand President, The North Face® since June 2022. She also served as President, APAC from July 2022 until November 2022. Ms. Otto joined VF in June 2022.
Jennifer S. Sim, 49, has been Executive Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary since May 2022. She served as Vice President, Deputy General Counsel from 2019 until May 2022, Vice President, General Counsel — Americas West from 2016 until 2019 and Vice President, General Counsel — Outdoor & Action Sports Americas from 2013 until 2016. Ms. Sim joined VF in 2013.
Additional information is included under the caption “Election of Directors” in VF’s definitive Proxy Statement for the Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held July 25, 2023 (“2023 Proxy Statement”) that will be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission within 120 days after the close of our fiscal year ended April 1, 2023, which information is incorporated herein by reference.
AVAILABLE INFORMATION

All periodic and current reports, registration statements and other filings that VF has filed or furnished to the SEC, including our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act, are available free of charge from the SEC’s website (www.sec.gov) and on VF’s website at www.vfc.com. Such documents are available as soon as reasonably practicable after electronic filing of the material with the SEC. Copies of these reports may also be obtained free of charge upon written request to the Secretary of VF Corporation, P.O. Box 13919, Denver, CO 80201.
The following corporate governance documents can be accessed on VF’s website: VF’s Corporate Governance Principles, Code of Business Conduct, and the charters of our Audit Committee, Talent and Compensation Committee, Finance Committee and Governance and Corporate Responsibility Committee. Copies of these documents also may be obtained by any shareholder free of charge upon written request to the Secretary of VF Corporation, P.O. Box 13919, Denver, CO 80201.
After VF’s 2023 Annual Meeting of Shareholders, VF intends to file with the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”) the certification regarding VF’s compliance with the NYSE’s corporate governance listing standards as required by NYSE Rule 303A.12. Last year, VF filed this certification with the NYSE on August 2, 2022.
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ITEM 1A.    RISK FACTORS.
The following risk factors should be read carefully in connection with evaluating VF’s business and the forward-looking statements contained in this Form 10-K. Any of the following risks could materially adversely affect VF’s business, its operating results and its financial condition.
ECONOMIC AND INDUSTRY RISKS

VF’s revenues and profits depend on the level of consumer spending for apparel and footwear, which is sensitive to global economic conditions and other factors. A decline in consumer spending could have a material adverse effect on VF.
The success of VF’s business depends on consumer spending on apparel and footwear, and there are a number of factors that influence consumer spending, including actual and perceived economic conditions, disposable consumer income, interest rates, consumer credit availability, inflationary pressures, recessions or economic slowdowns, unemployment, stock market performance, weather conditions and natural disasters (including potential effects from climate change), energy prices, public health issues (including the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic), geopolitical instability (such as the current conflict between Russia and Ukraine and related economic and other retaliatory measures taken by the United States, European Union and others, and the current tensions between the U.S. and China), consumer discretionary spending patterns and tax rates in the international, national, regional and local markets where VF’s products are sold. Decreased consumer spending could result in reduced demand for our products, reduced orders from customers for our products, order cancellations, lower revenues, higher discounts, increased inventories and lower gross margins. The uncertain state of the global economy continues to impact businesses around the world, most acutely in emerging markets and developing economies. If global economic and financial market conditions do not improve, adverse economic trends or other factors could negatively impact the level of consumer spending, which could have a material adverse impact on VF.
The apparel and footwear industries are highly competitive, and VF’s success depends on its ability to gauge consumer preferences and product trends, and to respond to constantly changing markets.
VF competes with numerous apparel and footwear brands and manufacturers. Competition is generally based upon brand name recognition, the price, design, quality and selection of product, service and purchasing convenience. Some of our competitors are larger and have more resources than VF in some product categories and regions. In addition, VF competes directly with the private label brands of its wholesale customers. VF’s ability to compete within the apparel and footwear industries depends on our ability to:
anticipate and respond to changing consumer preferences and product trends in a timely manner;
develop attractive, innovative and high quality products that meet consumer needs;
maintain strong brand recognition;
price products appropriately;
provide best-in-class marketing support and intelligence and optimize and react to available consumer data;
ensure product availability and optimize supply chain efficiencies;
obtain sufficient retail store space and effectively present our products at retail;
produce or procure quality products on a consistent basis; and
adapt to a more digitally driven consumer landscape.
In addition, our ability to compete is also dependent on our ability to reach consumers effectively and efficiently in an evolving media landscape, including digital, which is subject to evolving and increasingly restrictive privacy requirements. Failure to compete effectively or to keep pace with rapidly changing consumer preferences, markets, technology, business model and product trends could have a material adverse effect on VF’s business, financial condition and results of operations. Moreover, there are significant shifts underway in the wholesale and retail (e-commerce and retail store) channels, which have been accelerated because of the COVID-19 pandemic. VF may not be able to manage its brands within and across channels sufficiently, which could have a material adverse effect on VF’s business, financial condition and results of operations.
The retail industry has experienced financial difficulty that could adversely affect VF's business.
Recently there have been consolidations, reorganizations, restructurings, bankruptcies and ownership changes in the retail industry. These events individually, and together, could have a material, adverse effect on VF's business. These changes could impact VF’s opportunities in the market and increase VF’s reliance on a smaller number of large customers. In the future, retailers are likely to further consolidate, undergo restructurings or reorganizations or bankruptcies, realign their affiliations or reposition their stores’ target markets. In addition, consumers have continued to transition away from traditional wholesale retailers to large online retailers. These developments could result in a reduction in the number of stores that carry VF’s products, an increase in ownership concentration within the retail industry, an increase in credit exposure to VF or an increase in leverage by VF’s customers over their suppliers.
Further, the global economy periodically experiences recessionary conditions with rising unemployment, reduced availability of credit, increased savings rates and declines in real estate and securities values. These recessionary conditions could have a negative impact on retail sales of apparel, footwear and other consumer products. The lower sales volumes, along with the possibility of restrictions on access to the credit markets, could result in our customers experiencing financial difficulties including store closures, bankruptcies or liquidations. This could result in higher credit risk to VF relating to receivables from our customers who are experiencing these financial difficulties. If these developments occur, our inability to shift sales to other customers or to collect on VF’s trade accounts receivable could have a material adverse effect on VF’s financial condition and results of operations.
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VF’s profitability may decline as a result of increasing pressure on margins.
The apparel industry is subject to significant pricing pressure caused by many factors, including intense competition, consolidation in the retail industry, rising commodity and conversion costs, inflation, rising freight costs, rising labor costs, pressure from retailers to reduce the costs of products, changes in consumer demand and shifts to online shopping and
purchasing. Customers may increasingly seek markdown allowances, incentives and other forms of economic support. If these factors cause us to reduce our sales prices to retailers and consumers, and we fail to sufficiently reduce our product costs or operating expenses, VF’s profitability will decline. This could have a material adverse effect on VF’s results of operations, liquidity and financial condition.
BUSINESS AND OPERATIONAL RISKS

VF’s business and the success of its products could be harmed if VF is unable to maintain the images of its brands.
VF’s success to date has been due in large part to the growth of its brands’ images and VF’s consumers’ connection to its brands. If we are unable to timely and appropriately respond to changing consumer demand, the names and images of our brands may be impaired. Even if we react appropriately to changes in consumer preferences, consumers may consider our brands’ images to be outdated or associate our brands with styles that are no longer popular. In addition, brand value is based in part on consumer perceptions on a variety of qualities, including merchandise quality, corporate integrity, and environmental, social and governance ("ESG") practices, including with respect to human rights, diversity, equity and inclusion, and our impact on the environment. Negative claims or publicity regarding VF, its brands or its products, including licensed products, or its culture and values, or its employees, endorsers, sponsors or suppliers could adversely affect our reputation and sales regardless of whether such claims are accurate. The rapidly changing media environment, including our increasing reliance on social media and online marketing, which accelerates the dissemination of information, can increase the challenges of responding to negative claims. In addition, we have sponsorship contracts with a number of athletes, musicians and celebrities and feature those individuals in our advertising and marketing efforts. Failure to continue to obtain or maintain high-quality sponsorships and endorsers could harm our business. In addition, actions taken by those individuals associated with our products could harm their reputations, which could adversely affect the images of our brands. Our reputation and brand image also could be damaged as a result of our support of, association with or lack of support or disapproval of certain political or social issues or catastrophic events, as well as any decisions we make to continue to conduct, or change, certain of our activities in response to such considerations.
VF’s revenues and cash requirements are affected by the seasonal nature of its business.
VF’s business is seasonal, with a higher proportion of revenues and operating cash flows generated during the second half of the calendar year, which includes the fall and holiday selling seasons. Poor sales in the second half of the calendar year would have a material adverse effect on VF’s full year operating results and cause higher inventories. In addition, fluctuations in sales and operating income in any fiscal quarter are affected by the timing of seasonal wholesale shipments and other events affecting retail sales.
We may be adversely affected by weather conditions, including any potential effects from climate change.
Our business is adversely affected by unseasonable weather conditions, including those resulting from climate change. A significant portion of the sales of our products is dependent in part on the weather and is likely to decline in years in which weather conditions do not favor the use of these products. For example, periods of unseasonably warm weather in the fall or winter can lead to reduced consumer spending that negatively impacts VF's direct-to-consumer business, and inventory accumulation by our wholesale customers, which can, in turn, negatively affect orders in future seasons. In addition, abnormally harsh or inclement weather can also negatively impact retail traffic and consumer spending. As the effects of climate change increase, we expect the frequency and impact of weather and climate related events and conditions to increase as well. Any and all of these risks may have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.
VF may not succeed in its business strategy.
One of VF’s key strategic objectives is growth. Currently, we are prioritizing growth through organic means and, to a lesser extent, through acquisitions. We seek to grow by building our lifestyle brands, expanding our share with winning customers, stretching VF’s brands to new regions, leveraging our supply chain and information technology capabilities across VF and expanding our direct-to-consumer business, including opening new stores, remodeling and expanding our existing stores and growing our e-commerce business. However, we may not be able to grow our business. For example:
We may not be able to find and amplify consumer tailwinds by innovating within our existing brand portfolio while also strategically expanding into adjacencies that complement our current brands and tap into consumer growth spaces.
We may not be able to transform our model to be more digitally focused.
We may not be able to expand our market share with winning customers, or our wholesale customers may encounter financial difficulties and thus reduce their purchases of VF products.
We may not be able to successfully meet evolving consumer needs to unlock growth opportunities for our brands or expand in other geographies, including in Asia.
We may not be able to effectively deploy resources and allocate capital towards investments in new and organic businesses and capabilities in order to drive strategic objectives.
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We may not be able to achieve the expected results from our supply chain initiatives and establish and maintain effective supply chain systems, data, and capabilities, infrastructure, and the sourcing strategy necessary to optimally meet current and future business needs, including direct-to-consumer needs.
We may have difficulty recruiting, developing or retaining qualified employees.
We may not be able to achieve our direct-to-consumer expansion goals, including in e-commerce or other new channels, manage our growth effectively, successfully integrate the planned new stores into our operations, operate our new, remodeled and expanded stores profitably, adapt our business model or develop relationships with consumers for e-commerce or other new channels.
We may not be able to offset rising commodity or conversion costs in our product costs with pricing actions or efficiency improvements.
We may have difficulty completing acquisitions or dispositions to reshape our portfolio, and we may not be able to successfully integrate a newly acquired business or achieve the expected growth, cost savings or synergies from such integration, or it may disrupt our current business.
Failure to implement our strategic objectives may have a material adverse effect on VF’s business.
Further, organizational effectiveness, agility and execution are important to VF’s success. Failure to create an agile and efficient operating model and organizational structure or to effectively define, prioritize, and align on clear achievable and appropriately resourced strategic priorities could result in an inability to remain competitive in a rapidly changing marketplace and lead to increase in costs, inefficient resource allocation, reduced productivity, organizational confusion, and reduced employee morale.
Our supply chain may be disrupted due to factors such as political instability, inflationary pressures, macroeconomic conditions, and other factors including reduced freight availability and increased costs, port disruption, distribution center closures, severe weather, natural disasters, military conflicts, or labor supply shortages or stoppages. Any significant disruption in our supply chain could impair our ability to procure or distribute our products, which would adversely affect our business and results of operations.
VF relies significantly on information technology. Any inadequacy, interruption, integration failure or security failure of this technology could harm VF’s ability to effectively operate its business.
Our ability to effectively manage and operate our business depends significantly on information technology systems. We rely heavily on information technology to track sales and inventory and manage our supply chain. We are also dependent on information technology, including the Internet, for our direct-to-consumer sales, including our e-commerce operations and retail business credit card transaction authorization. Despite our preventative efforts, our systems and those of our third-party service providers may be vulnerable to damage, failure or interruption due to viruses, data security incidents, technical malfunctions, natural disasters or other causes, or in connection
with upgrades to our system or the implementation of new systems. The failure of these systems to operate effectively or remain innovative, problems with transitioning to upgraded or replacement systems, difficulty in integrating new systems or systems of acquired businesses or a breach in security of these systems could adversely impact the operations of VF’s business, including our reputation, management of inventory, ordering and replenishment of products, sourcing and distribution of products, e-commerce operations, retail business credit card transaction authorization and processing, corporate email communications and our interaction with the public on social media. Moreover, failure to provide effective digital (including omni-channel) capabilities and information technology infrastructure could result in an inability to meet current and future business needs and a resulting loss of brand competitiveness, leading to loss of revenue and market share and decreased business agility.
VF is subject to data and information security and privacy risks that could negatively affect its business operations, results of operations or reputation.
In the normal course of business, we often collect, retain and transmit certain sensitive and confidential consumer information, including credit card information and employee information, over public networks. There is a significant concern by consumers and employees over the security of personal information collected, retained or transmitted over the Internet, identity theft and user privacy. Data and information security breaches are increasingly sophisticated, and can be difficult to detect for long periods of time. Accordingly, if unauthorized parties gain access to our networks or databases, or those of our third-party service providers, they may be able to steal, publish, delete, hold ransom or modify our private and sensitive information, including credit card information, personal information, and confidential or other proprietary business information. We have implemented systems and processes designed to protect against unauthorized access to or use of personal information and other confidential information, and rely on encryption and authentication technology to effectively secure transmission of such information, including credit card information. Despite these security measures, there is no guarantee that they will prevent all unauthorized access to our systems and information, and our facilities and systems and those of our third-party service providers may be vulnerable and unable to anticipate or detect security breaches and data loss.
In addition, we face amplified data security risks as a result of more employees working remotely, including increased demand on our information technology resources and systems, increased phishing and other cybersecurity attacks, and an increase in the number of points of potential attack, such as laptops and mobile devices. Employees may intentionally or inadvertently cause data security breaches that result in the unauthorized release of personal or confidential information. VF and its consumers could suffer harm if valuable business data, or employee, consumer and other confidential and proprietary information were corrupted, lost or accessed or misappropriated by third parties due to a security failure in VF’s systems or due to one of our third-party service providers or our employees. It could require significant expenditures to remediate any such failure or breach, severely damage our reputation, confidence in our e-commerce platforms and our relationships with consumers and employees, result in business disruption, unwanted and negative media attention and lost sales, and expose us to risks of litigation, liability and increased scrutiny from regulatory entities. In
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addition, as a result of recent security breaches at a number of prominent retailers, the media and public scrutiny of information security and privacy has become more intense and the regulatory environment has become increasingly uncertain, rigorous and complex. As a result, we may incur significant costs to comply with laws regarding the privacy and security of personal information and we may not be able to comply with new data protection laws and regulations being adopted around the world. Any failure to comply with the laws and regulations and consumer expectations surrounding the privacy and security of personal information could subject us to legal and reputational risk, including significant fines and/or litigation for non-compliance in multiple jurisdictions, negative media coverage, diminished consumer confidence and decreased attraction to our brands, any of which could have a negative impact on revenues and profits. In addition, while we maintain cyber insurance policies, those existing insurance policies may not adequately protect VF from all of the adverse effects and damages that could be caused by a security breach. Moreover, if our associates or vendors, intentionally or inadvertently, misuse consumer data or are not transparent with consumers about how we use their data, our brands, reputation and relationships with consumers could be damaged.
There are risks associated with VF’s acquisitions and portfolio management.
Any acquisitions or mergers by VF will be accompanied by the risks commonly encountered in acquisitions of companies. These risks include, among other things, higher than anticipated acquisition costs and expenses, the difficulty and expense of integrating the operations, systems and personnel of the companies, the loss of key employees and consumers as a result of changes in management, and slower progress toward ESG goals given challenges with data acquisition and integration, and integration of ESG initiatives overall. In addition, geographic distances may make integration of acquired businesses more difficult. We may not be successful in overcoming these risks or any other problems encountered in connection with any acquisitions. Moreover, failure to effectively manage VF’s portfolio of brands in line with growth targets and shareholder expectations, including acquisition choices, integration approach and divestiture timing could result in unfavorable impacts to growth and value creation.
Our acquisitions may cause large one-time expenses or create goodwill or other intangible assets that could result in significant impairment charges, such as the recent impairment charges related to the Supreme reporting unit goodwill and indefinite-lived trademark intangible asset. We also make certain estimates and assumptions in order to determine purchase price allocation and estimate the fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed. If our estimates or assumptions used to value these assets and liabilities are not accurate, we may be exposed to losses that may be material.
The Supreme® brand employs a different business model than the rest of our brands and is subject to unique risks because of its focus on frequent, weekly and limited product drops through the direct-to-consumer channel. The Supreme business model has different characteristics from the business models which VF and its brands have historically employed. These different characteristics may include product volume requirements, product seasonality, product design and production rates, and consumer concentrations and demand. VF's failure to make the necessary adaptations to its operations to address these
different characteristics, complexities and market dynamics could adversely affect VF's revenue, business condition and results of operations.
VF uses third-party suppliers and manufacturing facilities worldwide for its raw materials and finished products, which poses risks to VF’s business operations.
During Fiscal 2023, VF’s products were sourced from independent manufacturers primarily located in Asia. Any of the following could impact our ability to source or deliver VF products, or our cost of sourcing or delivering products and, as a result, our profitability:
political or labor instability in countries where VF’s contractors and suppliers are located;
inflationary pressures or changes in local economic conditions in countries where VF’s contractors and suppliers are located;
public health issues, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, have resulted in (or could continue to result in) closed factories, reduced workforces, scarcity of raw materials and scrutiny or embargoing of goods produced in infected areas;
political or military conflict could cause a delay in the transportation of products to VF and an increase in transportation costs;
disruption at ports of entry, could cause delays in product availability and increase transportation times and costs;
heightened terrorism security concerns could subject imported or exported goods to additional, more frequent or lengthier inspections, leading to delays in deliveries or impoundment of goods for extended periods;
increased risk of detention by customs officials of raw materials or goods used by our suppliers in the manufacture of certain of our products, and increased risk of detention of our products;
decreased scrutiny by customs officials for counterfeit goods, leading to more counterfeit goods and reduced sales of VF products, increased costs for VF’s anti-counterfeiting measures and damage to the reputation of its brands;
disruptions at manufacturing or distribution facilities or in shipping and transportation locations caused by natural and man-made disasters;
imposition of regulations and quotas relating to imports and our ability to adjust timely to changes in trade regulations could limit our ability to source products in cost-effective countries that have the required labor and expertise;
imposition of duties, taxes and other charges on imports; and
imposition or the repeal of laws that affect intellectual property rights.
Although no single supplier and no one country is critical to VF’s production needs, if we were to lose a supplier it could result in interruption of finished goods shipments to VF, cancellation of orders by customers and termination of relationships. This, along with the damage to our reputation, could have a material
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adverse effect on VF’s revenues and, consequently, our results of operations.
In addition, although we audit our third-party material suppliers and contracted manufacturing facilities and set strict compliance standards, actions by a third-party supplier or manufacturer that fail to comply could result in such third-party supplier failing to manufacture products that consistently meet our quality standards or engaging in unfavorable labor practices or providing unfavorable working conditions that negatively impact worker health, safety and wellness. Such noncompliance could expose VF to claims for damages, financial penalties and reputational harm, any of which could have a material adverse effect in our business and operations.
A significant portion of VF’s revenues and gross profit is derived from a small number of large customers. The loss of any of these customers or the inability of any of these customers to pay VF could substantially reduce VF’s revenues and profits.
A few of VF’s customers account for a significant portion of revenues. Sales to VF’s ten largest customers were approximately 15% of total revenues in Fiscal 2023, with our largest customer accounting for approximately 2% of revenues. Sales to our customers are generally on a purchase order basis and not subject to long-term agreements. A decision by any of VF’s major customers to significantly decrease the volume of products purchased from VF could substantially reduce revenues and have a material adverse effect on VF’s financial condition and results of operations.
Talent acquisition, management, engagement and retention are important factors in VF’s success. Turnover in VF’s leadership or other key positions may have a material adverse effect on VF.
Our future success also depends on our ability to acquire, develop, and retain talent needed to mobilize VF against our current and future needs, and sustain our culture as a performance-driven company that is committed to its purpose. Competition for experienced, well-qualified and diverse personnel is intense and we may not be successful in attracting, developing, and retaining such personnel, which could impact VF’s ability to remain competitive. Our ability to acquire, develop and retain personnel has been, and may continue to be impacted by, challenges and structural shifts in the labor market, which has experienced and may continue to experience wage inflation, labor shortages, increased employee turnover, changes in availability of the workforce and a shift toward remote work. Additionally, changes to our office environments, the adoption of new work models, and our requirements and/or expectations about when or how often certain employees work on-site or remotely may not meet the expectations of our employees. As businesses increasingly operate remotely, traditional geographic competition for talent may change in ways that we cannot presently predict. If our employment proposition is not perceived as favorable compared to other companies, it could negatively impact our ability to acquire and retain our employees. If we are unable to retain, acquire, and engage talented employees with the appropriate skill sets, or if changes to our organizational structure, operating results, or business model adversely affect morale or retention, we may not achieve our objectives, our relationships with our customers, consumers or other third parties may be disrupted, and our results of operations could be adversely impacted.
VF depends on the services and management experience of its executive officers and business leaders who have substantial experience and expertise in VF’s business, and in developing and retaining employees. This loss of experience and expertise can be mitigated through successful hiring and transition, but there can be no assurance that we will be successful in such efforts. Acquiring and retaining qualified senior leadership may be more challenging under adverse business conditions. The unexpected loss of services of one or more of these individuals or the inability to effectively identify a suitable successor to a key role could have a material adverse effect on VF.
On December 2, 2022, VF’s Board of Directors appointed Benno Dorer, a member of the Board, as Interim President and Chief Executive Officer, effective immediately following the retirement of Steve Rendle, VF’s then President and Chief Executive Officer. VF’s Board has retained a search firm to assist in identifying a permanent President and Chief Executive Officer. This recent change in our executive leadership team, along with other changes in the roles and responsibilities among our executive officers, and any future changes resulting from the hiring or departure of executive officers, could disrupt our business and negatively affect our ability to recruit and retain talent. Such leadership transitions can be inherently difficult to manage, and an inadequate transition may cause disruption to our business, including to our relationships with our associates and other third parties. Further, this change also increases our dependency on other members of our executive leadership team who remain with us, and the departure of any remaining executive officer could be particularly disruptive in light of the recent leadership transitions.
VF’s direct-to-consumer business includes risks that could have an adverse effect on its results of operations.
VF sells merchandise direct to consumer through VF-operated stores and e-commerce sites. Its direct-to-consumer business is subject to numerous risks that could have a material adverse effect on its results. Risks include, but are not limited to, (i) U.S. or international resellers purchasing merchandise and reselling it overseas outside VF’s control, (ii) failure or interruption of the systems that operate the stores and websites, and their related support systems, including due to computer viruses, theft of customer information, privacy concerns, telecommunication failures, electronic break-ins and similar disruptions, technical malfunctions, and natural disasters or other causes (iii) credit card fraud, (iv) risks related to VF’s direct-to-consumer distribution centers and processes, and (v) shift in consumer preferences away from retail stores. Risks specific to VF’s e-commerce business also include (i) diversion of sales from VF stores or wholesale customers, (ii) difficulty in recreating the in-store experience through direct channels, (iii) liability for online content, (iv) changing patterns of consumer behavior, and (v) intense competition from online retailers. VF’s failure to successfully respond to these risks might adversely affect sales in its e-commerce business, as well as damage its reputation and brands.
Our VF-operated stores and e-commerce business require substantial fixed investments in equipment and leasehold improvements, information systems, inventory and personnel. We have entered into substantial operating lease commitments for retail space. Due to the high fixed-cost structure associated with our direct-to-consumer operations, a decline in sales or the closure of or poor performance of individual or multiple stores could result in significant lease termination costs, write-offs of
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equipment and leasehold improvements and employee-related costs.
VF’s net sales depend on the volume of traffic to its stores and the availability of suitable lease space.
A significant portion of our revenues are direct-to-consumer sales through VF-operated stores. In order to generate consumer traffic, we locate many of our stores in prominent locations within successful retail shopping centers or in fashionable shopping districts. Our stores benefit from the ability of the retail center and other attractions in an area to generate consumer traffic in the vicinity of our stores. Part of our future growth is significantly dependent on our ability to operate stores in desirable locations with capital investment and lease costs providing the opportunity to earn a reasonable return. We cannot control the development of new shopping centers or districts; the availability or cost of appropriate locations within existing or new shopping centers or districts; competition with other retailers for prominent locations; or the success of individual shopping centers or districts. Further, if we are unable to renew or replace our existing store leases or enter into leases for new stores on favorable terms, or if we violate the terms of our current leases, our growth and profitability could be harmed. All of these factors may impact our ability to meet our growth targets and could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition or results of operations.
VF may be unable to protect its trademarks and other intellectual property rights.
VF’s trademarks and other intellectual property rights are important to its success and its competitive position. VF is susceptible to others copying its products and infringing its intellectual property rights, especially with the shift in product mix to higher priced brands and innovative new products in recent years. Some of VF’s brands, such as Vans®, The North Face®, Timberland®, Dickies® and Supreme® enjoy significant worldwide consumer recognition, and the higher pricing of certain of the brands' products creates additional risk of counterfeiting and infringement.
VF’s trademarks, trade names, patents, trade secrets and other intellectual property are important to VF’s success. Counterfeiting of VF’s products or infringement on its intellectual property rights could diminish the value of our brands and adversely affect VF’s revenues. Actions we have taken to establish and protect VF’s intellectual property rights may not be adequate to prevent copying of its products by others or to prevent others from seeking to invalidate its trademarks or block sales of VF’s products as a violation of the trademarks and intellectual property rights of others. In addition, unilateral actions in the U.S. or other countries, including changes to or the repeal of laws recognizing trademark or other intellectual property rights, such as the Russian government's announcements that it would not protect intellectual property rights, including patent rights and rights that could block parallel imports of gray market goods, as a result of the sanctions imposed on Russia in connection with the Russia-Ukraine conflict, could have an impact on VF’s ability to enforce those rights.
The value of VF’s intellectual property could diminish if others assert rights in or ownership of trademarks and other intellectual property rights of VF, or trademarks that are similar to VF’s trademarks, or trademarks that VF licenses from others.
We may be unable to successfully resolve these types of conflicts to our satisfaction. In some cases, there may be trademark owners who have prior rights to VF’s trademarks because the laws of certain foreign countries may not protect intellectual property rights to the same extent as do the laws of the U.S. In other cases, there may be holders who have prior rights to similar trademarks.
There have been, and there may in the future be, opposition and cancellation proceedings from time to time with respect to some of VF's intellectual property rights. In some cases, litigation may be necessary to protect or enforce our trademarks and other intellectual property rights. Furthermore, third parties may assert intellectual property claims against us, and we may be subject to liability, required to enter into costly license agreements, if available at all, required to rebrand our products and/or prevented from selling some of our products if third parties successfully oppose or challenge our trademarks or successfully claim that we infringe, misappropriate or otherwise violate their trademarks, copyrights, patents or other intellectual property rights. Bringing or defending any such claim, regardless of merit, and whether successful or unsuccessful, could be expensive and time-consuming and have a negative effect on VF's business, reputation, results of operations and financial condition.
If VF encounters problems with its distribution system, VF’s ability to deliver its products to the market could be adversely affected.
VF relies on owned or leased VF-operated and third party-operated distribution facilities to warehouse and ship product to VF customers. VF’s distribution system includes computer-controlled and automated equipment, which may be subject to a number of risks related to security or computer viruses, the proper operation of software and hardware, power interruptions or other system failures. Because substantially all of VF’s products are distributed from a relatively small number of locations, VF’s operations could also be interrupted by earthquakes, floods, fires or other natural disasters or other events outside VF's control affecting its distribution centers, including political or labor instability. We maintain business interruption insurance under our property and cyber insurance policies, but it may not adequately protect VF from the adverse effects that could be caused by significant disruptions in VF’s distribution facilities. In addition, VF’s distribution capacity is dependent on the timely performance of services by third parties, including the transportation of product to and from its distribution facilities. If we encounter problems with our distribution system, our ability to meet customer expectations, manage inventory, complete sales and achieve operating efficiencies could be materially adversely affected.
VF’s business and operations could be materially and adversely affected if it fails to create systems of monitoring, prevention, response, crisis management, continuity and recovery to mitigate natural or man-made economic, public health, political or environmental disruptions.
Business resiliency is important to VF’s success because there are a variety of risks generally associated with doing business on a global basis that may involve natural or man-made economic, public health (including the COVID-19 pandemic), political or environmental disruptions. Disruptions, and government responses to any disruption, could cause, among other things, a decrease in consumer spending that would negatively impact our sales, delays in the fulfillment or cancellation of customer
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orders or disruptions in the manufacture and shipment of products, increased costs and a negative impact on our reputation and long-term growth plans. The impact of disruptions may vary based on the length and severity of the disruption. VF’s failure to create and implement systems of
monitoring, prevention, response, crisis management, continuity and recovery to anticipate, prepare, prevent, mitigate, and respond to potential threats impacting its business, people, processes and facilities could result in extended disruptions and unpredictability.
LEGAL, REGULATORY AND COMPLIANCE RISKS
VF’s operations and earnings may be affected by legal, regulatory, political and economic uncertainty and risks.
Our ability to maintain the current level of operations in our existing markets and to capitalize on growth in existing and new markets is subject to legal, regulatory, political and economic uncertainty and risks. These include the burdens of complying with U.S. and international laws and regulations, and changes in regulatory requirements.
Changes in regulatory, geopolitical policies and other factors may adversely affect VF’s business or may require us to modify our current business practices. While enactment of any such change is not certain, if such changes were adopted or if we failed to anticipate and mitigate the impact of such changes, our costs could increase, which would reduce our earnings. For example, on January 31, 2020, the United Kingdom ceased to be a member state of the European Union (commonly referred to as “Brexit”). The United Kingdom and the European Union subsequently reached a provisional post-Brexit Trade and Cooperation Agreement that contains new rules governing the relationship between the United Kingdom and Europe, including with respect to trade, travel and immigration. Brexit could adversely affect European and worldwide economic and market conditions and could contribute to instability in global financial and foreign exchange markets. Any of these effects of Brexit, and others we cannot anticipate could adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.
Beginning in February 2022, in response to the military conflict between Russia and Ukraine, the U.S. and other North Atlantic Treaty Organization member states, as well as non-member states, announced targeted economic sanctions on Russia, including certain Russian citizens and enterprises, and the continuation of the conflict may trigger additional economic and other sanctions. To date, we have experienced revenue impacts due to business model changes in Russia, currency devaluation, and costs associated with compliance with sanctions and other regulations. For example, we have closed all VF-operated retail stores, terminated all leases and ceased all direct-to-consumer e-commerce operations in Russia. In addition, as of April 1, 2023, there was approximately $36.5 million of cash in Russia that, although it can be used without limits within Russia, is currently limited on movement out of Russia. Further impacts of the conflict could include macro financial impacts resulting from the exclusion of Russian financial institutions from the global banking system, volatility in foreign exchange rates and interest rates, inflationary pressures on raw materials and energy, heightened cybersecurity threats, harm to employee health and safety, reputational harm, increase in counterfeiting and intellectual property activity, nationalization of our assets, and additional costs associated with compliance with sanctions and other regulations and risks associated with failure to comply with the same. Although our operations in Russia are not significant, the conflict could escalate and result in broader economic and security concerns, including in other geographies, which could in turn adversely affect our business, financial condition or results of operations.
As a result of our global operations, we are subject to a number of risks impacting our employees working outside the U.S., including regulations that may differ from or be more stringent than analogous U.S. regulations, political or economic instability, cross-border political tensions and challenges in effectively managing employees in foreign jurisdictions. VF is subject to increased tax and regulatory risks related to employees working remotely or otherwise in a tax location other than their normal work location or residential state or country. These changes have created, and continue to create, challenges in managing our tax and regulatory compliance as well as acquiring and retaining cross-border talent, which could adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.
Changes to U.S. or international trade policy, tariff and import/export regulations or our failure to comply with such regulations may have a material adverse effect on our reputation, business, financial condition and results of operations.
Changes in U.S. or international social, political, regulatory and economic conditions or in laws and policies governing foreign trade, manufacturing, development and investment in the territories or countries where we currently sell our products or conduct our business, as well as any negative sentiment toward the U.S. as a result of such changes, could adversely affect our business. For example, the U.S. government has instituted changes in trade policies imposing higher tariffs on imports into the U.S. from China. Tariffs and other changes in U.S. trade policy have in the past and could continue to trigger retaliatory actions by affected countries, and certain foreign governments have instituted, considered or are considering imposing retaliatory measures on certain U.S. goods. VF, similar to many other multinational corporations, does a significant amount of business that would be impacted by changes to the trade policies of the U.S. and foreign countries (including governmental action related to tariffs, international trade agreements, or economic sanctions). Such changes have the potential to adversely impact the U.S. economy or certain sectors thereof, our industry and the global demand for our products, and as a result, could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. In addition, the Uyghur Forced Labor Prevention Act and other similar laws may lead to greater supply chain compliance costs and delays to us and to our suppliers and customers.
Changes in tax laws could increase our worldwide tax rate and tax liabilities and materially affect our financial position and results of operations.
We are subject to taxation in the U.S. and numerous foreign jurisdictions. On December 22, 2017, the U.S. government enacted comprehensive tax legislation commonly referred to as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, which included a broad range of tax reform proposals affecting businesses, including a reduction in the U.S. federal corporate tax rate from 35% to 21%, a one-time mandatory deemed repatriation tax on earnings of certain foreign subsidiaries that were previously tax-deferred, and a
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new minimum tax on certain foreign earnings. Taxes related to the one-time mandatory deemed repatriation of foreign earnings due over a period of time could be accelerated upon certain triggering events, including failure to pay such taxes when due. In addition, the current U.S. Presidential Administration could take further action, including through its proposal of a higher U.S. federal corporate tax rate and increased taxation of offshore income. Such action could have a material effect on our financial position and results of operations. 
In addition, many countries in the European Union ("EU") and around the globe have adopted and/or proposed changes to current tax laws. Further, organizations such as the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development ("OECD") have published action plans that, if adopted by countries where we do business, could increase our tax obligations and compliance costs in these countries. More specifically, the OECD has released rules to address tax challenges arising from the digitalization of the economy (i.e., Global Anti Base Erosion ("GloBE") model rules or "Pillar Two"). Member countries are expected to implement these rules into local law in the coming year. The new rules could be effective for companies as early as tax years beginning on or after January 1, 2024. The ultimate outcome of these rules that are enacted into law in each country may result in a material financial impact to VF.
Due to the large scale of our U.S. and international business activities, many of these enacted and proposed changes to the taxation of our activities could increase our worldwide effective tax rate and harm our financial position and results of operations.
We may have additional tax liabilities from new or evolving government or judicial interpretation of existing tax laws.
As a global company, we determine our income tax liability in various tax jurisdictions based on an analysis and interpretation of U.S. and international tax laws and regulations. This analysis requires a significant amount of judgment and estimation and is often based on various assumptions about the future actions of tax authorities. These determinations are the subject of periodic U.S. and international tax audits and court proceedings. In particular, tax authorities and the courts have increased their focus on income earned in no- or low-tax jurisdictions or income that is not taxed in any jurisdiction. Tax authorities have also become skeptical of special tax rulings provided to companies offering lower taxes than may be applicable in other countries.
For example, VF was granted a ruling which lowered the effective income tax rate on taxable earnings for years 2010 through 2014 under Belgium’s excess profit tax regime. During 2015, the EU investigated and announced its decision that the ruling was illegal and ordered that tax benefits granted under the ruling should be collected from the affected companies, including VF Europe, BVBA, a subsidiary of VF. Requests for annulment were filed by Belgium and VF Europe BVBA, individually. During 2017 and 2018, VF Europe BVBA was assessed and paid €35.0 million in tax and interest, which was recorded as an income tax receivable based on the expected success of the requests for annulment. During 2019, the General Court annulled the EU decision and the EU subsequently appealed the General Court’s annulment. In September 2021, the General Court’s judgment was set aside by the Court of Justice of the EU and the case was sent back to the General Court to determine whether the excess profit tax regime
amounted to illegal State aid. The case remains open and unresolved. If this matter is adversely resolved, the tax and interest amounts paid by VF will not be collected by VF.
Also, as previously reported, VF petitioned the U.S. Tax Court (the "Court") to resolve an Internal Revenue Service ("IRS") dispute regarding the timing of income inclusion associated with VF's acquisition of The Timberland Company in September 2011. While the IRS argues that all such income should have been immediately included in 2011, VF has reported periodic income inclusions in subsequent tax years. Both parties moved for summary judgment on the issue, and on January 31, 2022, the Court issued its opinion in favor of the IRS and on July 14, 2022 issued its final decision. VF believes the opinion of the Court was in error based on the technical merits and filed a notice of appeal on October 7, 2022. On October 19, 2022, VF paid $875.7 million related to the 2011 taxes and interest being disputed, which was recorded as a tax receivable based on the technical merits of our position with regards to the case and will accrue interest income. VF continues to believe its timing and treatment of the income inclusion is appropriate and VF is vigorously defending its position. However, should the Court opinion ultimately be upheld on appeal, this income tax receivable will not be collected by VF. If the Court opinion is upheld, VF should be entitled to a refund of taxes paid on the periodic inclusions that VF has reported. However, any such refund could be substantially reduced by potential indirect tax effects resulting from application of the Court opinion. Deferred tax liabilities, representing VF’s future tax on annual inclusions, would also be released. The net impact to tax expense is estimated to be up to $730.0 million, plus the reversal of any interest income accrued on the payment, which was approximately $12.0 million at March 2023.
Although we accrue for uncertain tax positions, our accrual may be insufficient to satisfy unfavorable findings. Unfavorable audit findings, or court interpretations (involving VF or other companies with similar tax profiles) may result in payment of taxes, fines and penalties for prior periods and higher tax rates in future periods, which may have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.
Our business is subject to national, state and local laws and regulations for environmental, consumer protection, corporate governance, competition, employment, privacy, safety and other matters. The costs of compliance with, or the violation of, such laws and regulations by VF or by independent suppliers who manufacture products for VF could have an adverse effect on our operations and cash flows, as well as on our reputation.
Our business is subject to comprehensive national, state and local laws and regulations on a wide range of environmental, climate change, consumer protection, social, employment, privacy, safety and other matters. VF could be adversely affected by costs of compliance with or violations of those laws and regulations. In addition, while we do not control their business practices, we require third-party suppliers to operate in compliance with applicable laws, rules and regulations regarding working conditions, safety, employment practices and environmental compliance. The costs of products purchased by VF from independent contractors could increase due to the costs of compliance by those contractors.
Failure by VF or its third-party suppliers to comply with such laws and regulations, as well as with ethical, social, product, safety, labor and environmental standards, or related political
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considerations, could result in a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows, including resulting in interruption of finished goods shipments to VF, extensive remediation efforts, cancellation of orders by customers and termination of relationships. If VF or one of our independent contractors violates labor or other laws, implements improper labor or other business practices or takes other actions that are generally regarded as unethical, it could result in unwanted or negative media attention, jeopardize our reputation and potentially lead to various adverse consumer actions, including boycotts that may reduce demand for VF’s merchandise. Damage to VF’s reputation or loss of consumer confidence for any of these or other reasons could have a material adverse effect on VF’s results of operations, financial condition and cash flows, as well as require additional resources to rebuild VF’s reputation.
Our operations are also subject to compliance with the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (the “FCPA”) and other anti-bribery laws applicable to our operations. Although we have policies and procedures to address compliance with the FCPA and similar laws, there can be no assurance that all of our employees, agents and other partners will not take actions in violation of our policies. Any such violation could subject us to sanctions or other penalties that could negatively affect our reputation, business and operating results.
Climate change and increased focus by governmental and non-governmental organizations, customers, consumers and investors on sustainability issues, including those related to climate change and socially responsible activities, may adversely affect our business and financial results and damage our reputation.
Climate change is occurring around the world and may impact our business in numerous ways. Failure to monitor, adapt, build resilience, and develop solutions against the physical and transitional impacts from climate change may lead to revenue loss, market share loss, business interruptions, physical damage to our facilities, and rising costs. Climate change could lead to increased volatility due to physical impacts of climate change on the supply chain, including the availability, quality and cost of raw materials. Increased frequency and severity of extreme weather events (such as storms and floods) could cause increased incidence of disruption to the production and distribution of our products, increased costs for our business, including maintenance, repair, utilities and insurance costs, and an adverse impact on consumer demand and spending.
Investor advocacy groups, certain institutional investors, investment funds, other market participants, shareholders, and other stakeholders, including non-governmental organizations, employees, and consumers, have focused increasingly on ESG and related sustainability practices of companies. These parties have placed increased importance on the implications of the social cost of their investments and/or have higher expectations
of corporate conduct. If our ESG practices do not meet investor or other stakeholder expectations and standards, including related to climate change, sustainability, social impact, and human rights, and do not meet related regulations and expectations for increased transparency, which continue to evolve, our brands, reputation and employee retention may be negatively impacted. In addition, governmental and self-regulatory organizations, including the SEC and NYSE, promulgate rapidly changing rules and regulations addressing ESG topics. These rules and regulations continue to evolve in scope and complexity and have resulted in, and are likely to continue to result in, increased expenses and increased management time and attention spent complying with or meeting such rules and regulations. For example, collection of ESG data, developing and acting on initiatives within the scope of ESG, and collecting, measuring and reporting ESG related information and targets can be costly, difficult and time consuming and is subject to evolving reporting standards, including the SEC’s recently proposed climate-related disclosure requirements, and similar proposals and laws by other international regulatory bodies. If our ESG related data, information, processes or reporting are incomplete or inaccurate, our reputation, business, financial performance and growth could be adversely affected. For example, customer expectations with respect to our ability to meet rapidly evolving ESG reporting standards in the EU member states and other countries may impact our ability to do business with customers, or otherwise present barriers to entry, which could result in an adverse impact on our business, financial performance and growth.
It is possible that stakeholders may oppose our ESG practices or disagree with them. It is also possible that stakeholders may not be satisfied with our ESG practices or the speed of their adoption. While we may announce voluntary ESG targets, we may not be able to meet such targets in the manner or on such a timeline as initially contemplated, including, but not limited to as a result of unforeseen costs or technical difficulties associated with achieving such results. Achieving ESG targets will require significant efforts from us and other stakeholders, such as our suppliers and other third parties, and also require capital investment, additional costs, and the development of technology that may not currently exist. In addition, we could be criticized for the scope or nature of such targets, or for any revision to those targets. We could also incur additional costs and require additional resources to monitor, report, and comply with various ESG practices and regulations. Also, our failure, or perceived failure, to manage reputational threats and meet stakeholder expectations or shifting consumer preferences with respect to environmentally or socially responsible activities and products and packaging and sustainability commitments and regulations could negatively impact our brand, image, reputation, credibility, employee retention, and the willingness of our customers and suppliers to do business with us.

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FINANCIAL RISKS

VF’s balance sheet includes a significant amount of intangible assets and goodwill. A decline in the fair value of an intangible asset or of a business unit could result in an asset impairment charge, such as the recent impairment charges related to the Supreme® reporting unit goodwill and indefinite-lived trademark intangible asset.
VF’s policy is to evaluate indefinite-lived intangible assets and goodwill for possible impairment as of the beginning of the fourth quarter of each year, or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the fair value of such assets may be below their carrying amount. In addition, intangible assets that are being amortized are tested for impairment whenever events or circumstances indicate that their carrying value may not be recoverable. For these impairment tests, we use various valuation methods to estimate the fair value of our business units and intangible assets. If the fair value of an asset is less than its carrying value, we would recognize an impairment charge for the difference.
During the second quarter of Fiscal 2023, due to continued increases in the federal funds rate and strengthening of the U.S. dollar relative to other currencies, VF determined that a triggering event had occurred requiring impairment testing of the Supreme reporting unit goodwill and indefinite-lived trademark intangible asset. As a result of the impairment testing performed, VF recorded impairment charges of $229.0 million and $192.9 million to the Supreme reporting unit goodwill and indefinite-lived trademark intangible asset, respectively. The impairment primarily related to an increase in the market-based discount rates used in the valuations and the negative impact of foreign currency exchange rate changes on financial projections.
During the fourth quarter of Fiscal 2023, in connection with its annual impairment testing, VF performed a quantitative analysis of the Supreme reporting unit goodwill and indefinite-lived trademark intangible asset. As a result of the impairment testing performed, VF recorded impairment charges of $165.1 million and $148.0 million to the Supreme reporting unit goodwill and indefinite-lived trademark intangible asset, respectively. The impairment related to lower financial projections and increased risk of achieving management's forecasts.
It is possible that we could have another impairment charge for goodwill or trademark and trade name intangible assets in future periods if (i) the businesses do not perform as projected, (ii) overall economic conditions in Fiscal 2024 or future years vary from our current assumptions (including changes in discount rates and foreign currency exchange rates), (iii) business conditions or our strategies for a specific business unit change from our current assumptions, (iv) investors require higher rates of return on equity investments in the marketplace, or (v) enterprise values of comparable publicly traded companies, or of actual sales transactions of comparable companies, were to decline, resulting in lower comparable multiples of revenues and earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization and, accordingly, lower implied values of goodwill and intangible assets. Any future impairment charge for goodwill or intangible assets could have a material effect on our consolidated financial position or results of operations.
Fluctuations in wage rates and the price, availability and quality of raw materials and finished goods could increase costs.
Fluctuations in the price, availability and quality of purchased finished goods or the fabrics, leather, cotton or other raw materials used therein could have a material adverse effect on VF’s cost of goods sold or its ability to meet its customers’ demands. Prices of purchased finished products may depend on wage rate increases required by legal or industry standards in Asia and other geographic areas where our independent contractors are located, as well as increasing freight costs from those regions. Inflation, including as a result of inflationary pressures related to global supply chain disruptions, can also have a long-term impact on us because increasing costs of materials and labor may impact our ability to maintain satisfactory margins. For example, the cost and availability of the materials that are used in our products, such as oil-related commodity prices and other raw materials, such as cotton, dyes and chemical and other costs, such as fuel, energy and utility costs, can fluctuate significantly as a result of inflation in addition to many other factors, including general economic conditions and demand, crop yields, energy prices, weather patterns, water supply quality and availability, public health issues (such as the COVID-19 pandemic) and speculation in the commodities markets. A significant portion of our products also are manufactured in other countries and declines in the values of the U.S. dollar may result in higher manufacturing costs. In the future, VF may not be able to offset cost increases with other cost reductions or efficiencies or to pass higher costs on to its customers. This could have a material adverse effect on VF’s results of operations, liquidity and financial condition.
VF’s business is exposed to the risks of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations. VF’s hedging strategies may not be effective in mitigating those risks.
A growing percentage of VF’s total revenues (approximately 48% in Fiscal 2023) is derived from markets outside the U.S. VF’s international businesses operate in functional currencies other than the U.S. dollar. Changes in currency exchange rates affect the U.S. dollar value of the foreign currency-denominated amounts at which VF’s international businesses purchase products, incur costs or sell products. In addition, for VF’s U.S.-based businesses, the majority of products are sourced from independent contractors located in foreign countries. As a result, the costs of these products are affected by changes in the value of the relevant currencies. Furthermore, much of VF’s licensing revenue is derived from sales in foreign currencies. Changes in foreign currency exchange rates could have an adverse impact on VF’s financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.
In accordance with our operating practices, we hedge a significant portion of our foreign currency transaction exposures arising in the ordinary course of business to reduce risks in our cash flows and earnings. Our hedging strategy may not be effective in reducing all risks, and no hedging strategy can completely insulate VF from foreign exchange risk.
Further, our use of derivative financial instruments may expose VF to counterparty risks. Although VF only enters into hedging contracts with counterparties having investment grade credit ratings, it is possible that the credit quality of a counterparty could be downgraded or a counterparty could default on its
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obligations, which could have a material adverse impact on VF’s financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.
Our ability to obtain financing on favorable terms, if needed, could be adversely affected by geopolitical risk and volatility in the capital markets, including interest rate risks.
Any disruption in the capital markets could limit the availability of funds or the ability or willingness of financial institutions to extend capital in the future. Future volatility in the financial and credit markets, including adverse interest rates, could make it more difficult for us to obtain financing or refinance existing debt when the need arises, including upon maturity, or on terms that would be acceptable to us. This disruption or volatility could adversely affect our liquidity and funding resources or significantly increase our cost of capital. An inability to access capital and credit markets may have an adverse effect on our business, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows. In addition, if the U.S. government were to default on its debt obligations, the U.S. and global capital markets would be adversely affected and our liquidity and cost of capital would be adversely impacted.
VF’s indebtedness could have a material adverse effect on its business, financial condition and results of operations and prevent VF from fulfilling its financial obligations, and VF may not be able to maintain its current credit ratings, may not continue to pay dividends or repurchase its common stock and may not remain in compliance with existing debt covenants.
As of April 1, 2023, VF had approximately $6.6 billion of debt outstanding. VF’s debt and interest payment requirements could have important consequences on its business, financial condition and results of operations. For example, it could:
require VF to dedicate a substantial portion of its cash flow from operations to repaying its indebtedness, which would reduce the availability of its cash flow to fund working capital requirements, capital expenditures, future acquisitions, dividends, repurchase VF’s common stock and for other general corporate purposes;
limit VF’s flexibility in planning for or reacting to general adverse economic conditions or changes in its business and the industries in which it operates;
place VF at a competitive disadvantage compared to its competitors that have less indebtedness outstanding; and
negatively affect VF's credit ratings and limit, along with the financial and other restrictive covenants in VF’s debt documents and its ability to borrow additional funds.
VF's credit ratings may impact the cost and availability of future borrowings. As a result of recent downgrades by S&P Global Inc. and Moody's Investor Services, Inc., certain of VF's outstanding senior notes and VF's global credit facility were subject to interest rate adjustments. In addition, VF may incur substantial additional indebtedness in the future to fund acquisitions, repurchase common stock or fund other activities for general business purposes. If VF incurs additional indebtedness, it may limit VF’s ability to access the debt capital markets or other forms of financing in the future and may result in increased borrowing costs.
Although VF has historically declared and paid quarterly cash dividends on its common stock and has been authorized to repurchase its stock subject to certain limitations under its
share repurchase programs, any determinations by the Board of Directors to continue to declare and pay cash dividends on VF’s common stock or to repurchase VF’s common stock will be based primarily upon VF’s financial condition, results of operations and business requirements, its access to debt capital markets or other forms of financing, the price of its common stock in the case of the repurchase program and the Board of Directors’ continuing determination that the repurchase programs and the declaration and payment of dividends are in the best interests of VF’s shareholders and are in compliance with all laws and agreements applicable to the repurchase and dividend programs. Our cash dividend payments may change from time to time, and we cannot provide assurance that we will increase our cash dividend payment or declare cash dividends in any particular amount or at all. A reduction in the amount or suspension of our cash dividend payments or a reduction in the level or discontinuation of our share repurchases could have a negative effect on VF’s stock price. Beginning in the fourth quarter of Fiscal 2023, we reduced the cash dividend, which is expected to support the return to VF's target leverage ratio and provide additional financial flexibility.
VF is required to comply with certain financial and other restrictive debt covenants in its debt documents. Failure by VF to comply with these covenants could result in an event of default that, if not cured or waived, could have a material adverse effect on VF if the lenders declare any outstanding obligations to be immediately due and payable.
VF is subject to the risk that its licensees may not generate expected sales or maintain the value of VF’s brands.
During Fiscal 2023, $75.0 million of VF’s revenues were derived from licensing royalties. Although VF generally has significant control over its licensees’ products and advertising, we rely on our licensees for, among other things, operational and financial controls over their businesses. Failure of our licensees to successfully market licensed products or our inability to replace existing licensees, if necessary, could adversely affect VF’s revenues, both directly from reduced royalties received and indirectly from reduced sales of our other products. Risks are also associated with a licensee’s ability to:
obtain capital;
manage its labor relations;
maintain relationships with its suppliers;
manage its credit risk effectively;
maintain relationships with its customers; and
adhere to VF’s Global Compliance Principles.
In addition, VF relies on its licensees to help preserve the value of its brands. Although we attempt to protect VF’s brands through approval rights over design, production processes, quality, packaging, merchandising, distribution, advertising and promotion of our licensed products, we cannot completely control the use of licensed VF brands by our licensees. The misuse of a brand by a licensee, including through the marketing of products under one of our brand names that do not meet our quality standards, could have a material adverse effect on that brand and on VF.
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Volatility in securities markets, interest rates and other economic factors could substantially increase VF’s defined benefit pension costs.
VF currently has obligations under its defined benefit pension plans. The funded status of the pension plans is dependent on many factors, including returns on investment assets and the discount rates used to determine pension obligations. Unfavorable impacts from returns on plan assets, decreases in discount rates, changes in plan demographics or revisions in the applicable laws or regulations could materially change the timing and amount of pension funding requirements, which could reduce cash available for VF’s business.
VF’s operating performance also may be negatively impacted by the amount of expense recorded for its pension plans. Pension expense is calculated using actuarial valuations that incorporate assumptions and estimates about financial market, economic and demographic conditions. Differences between estimated and actual results give rise to gains and losses that are deferred and amortized as part of future pension expense, which can create volatility that adversely impacts VF’s future operating results.
The spin-off of Kontoor Brands, Inc. could result in substantial tax liability to us and our shareholders.
We received opinions of tax advisors substantially to the effect that, for U.S. Federal income tax purposes, the May 22, 2019 spin-off of our Jeans business, Kontoor Brands, Inc. ("Kontoor Brands") and certain related transactions qualify for tax-free treatment under certain sections of the Internal Revenue Code.
However, if the factual assumptions or representations made by us in connection with the delivery of the opinions are inaccurate or incomplete in any material respect, including those relating to the past and future conduct of our business, we will not be able to rely on the opinions. Furthermore, the opinions are not binding on the IRS or the courts. If, notwithstanding receipt of the opinions, the spin-off transaction and certain related transactions are determined to be taxable, we would be subject to a substantial tax liability. In addition, if the spin-off transaction is taxable, each holder of our common stock who received shares of Kontoor Brands in connection with the spin-off would generally be treated as receiving a taxable distribution of property in an amount equal to the fair market value of the shares received.
Even if the spin-off otherwise qualifies as a tax-free transaction, the distribution would be taxable to us (but not to our shareholders) in certain circumstances if future significant acquisitions of our stock or the stock of Kontoor Brands are deemed to be part of a plan or series of related transactions that included the spin-off. In this event, the resulting tax liability could be substantial. In connection with the spin-off, we entered into a tax matters agreement with Kontoor Brands, pursuant to which Kontoor Brands agreed to not enter into any transaction that could cause any portion of the spin-off to be taxable to us without our consent and to indemnify us for any tax liability resulting from any such transaction. In addition, these potential tax liabilities may discourage, delay or prevent a change of control of us.
GENERAL RISKS
Regional epidemics or global pandemics may materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
The occurrence of regional epidemics or a global pandemic may adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations. For example, the COVID-19 pandemic has and could continue to materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operation. Our business has been, and could continue to be, impacted by the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic in countries and territories where we operate and where our employees, suppliers, third-party service providers, consumers or customers are located. Our operations may be closed again or experience operational restrictions if and where there is a resurgence in COVID-19 or new variants of the virus emerge. We may continue to experience significant reductions in demand and significant volatility in demand for our products by consumers and customers, resulting in reduced orders, order cancellations, lower revenues, higher discounts, increased inventories, decreased value of inventories and lower gross margins. We may be negatively impacted by significant uncertainty and turmoil in global economic and financial market conditions causing, among other things: decreased consumer
confidence and decreased consumer spending, inability to access financing in the credit and capital markets (including the commercial paper market) at reasonable rates (or at all), increased exposure to fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates relative to the U.S. Dollar, and volatility in the availability and prices for commodities and raw materials we use for our products and in our supply chain. We may continue to fail to meet our consumers’ and customers’ needs for inventory production and fulfillment due to disruptions in our supply chain and increased costs associated with mitigating the effects of the pandemic.
These impacts have placed, and could continue to place limitations on our ability to execute our business plan and materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations. Measures to contain a global pandemic, including COVID-19, may exacerbate other risks discussed in this “Risk Factors” section, any of which could have a material effect on us. The extent of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic will depend on future developments, including the duration, severity and any resurgences of COVID-19, which are uncertain and cannot be predicted.
ITEM 1B.    UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS.
None.
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ITEM 2.    PROPERTIES.

The following is a summary of VF Corporation’s principal owned and leased properties as of April 1, 2023.
VF’s global headquarters are located in a 285,000 square foot, leased facility in Denver, Colorado. In addition, we lease facilities in Stabio, Switzerland and lease offices in Shanghai, China, which serve as our European and Asia-Pacific regional headquarters, respectively. We also own or lease brand headquarter facilities throughout the world.
VF owns a 236,000 square foot facility in Appleton, Wisconsin that serves as a shared service center for certain brands in North America. We own a 180,000 square foot facility in Greensboro, North Carolina that serves as a corporate shared service center. We own and lease shared service facilities in Antwerp, Belgium; Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia and Dalian, China that support our European and Asia-Pacific operations. Our sourcing hubs are located in Singapore, Panama City, Panama, and Stabio, Switzerland.
Our largest distribution centers by region are located in Visalia, California, Prague, Czech Republic and Kunshan, China. In total, we operate 21 owned or leased distribution centers primarily in the U.S., but also in the Czech Republic, United Kingdom, the Netherlands, China, Canada, Mexico, Belgium, Israel and France. In addition, VF leases a distribution center in Ontario, California, that will be operational in early-Fiscal 2024 and will become VF's largest distribution center.
In addition to the principal properties described above, we lease many offices worldwide for sales and administrative purposes. We operate 1,265 retail stores across the Americas, Europe and Asia-Pacific regions. Retail stores are generally leased under operating leases and include renewal options. We believe all facilities and machinery and equipment are in good condition and are suitable for VF’s needs.
ITEM  3.    LEGAL PROCEEDINGS.

Other than the IRS dispute in the U.S. Tax Court discussed in Note 21 — Commitments and Contingencies, there are no pending material legal proceedings, other than ordinary, routine litigation incidental to the business, to which VF or any of its subsidiaries is a party or to which any of their property is the subject.

SEC regulations require us to disclose certain information about proceedings arising under federal, state or local environmental regulations if we reasonably believe that such proceedings may result in monetary sanctions above a stated threshold. Pursuant to SEC regulations, VF uses a threshold of $1 million for purposes of determining whether disclosure of any such proceedings is required. VF believes that this threshold is reasonably designed to result in disclosure of any such proceedings that are material to VF’s business or financial condition. Applying this threshold, there are no such proceedings to disclose for this period.
ITEM  4.    MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES.
Not applicable.
22 VF Corporation Fiscal 2023 Form 10-K

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PART II
ITEM 5.    MARKET FOR VF’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES.

VF’s Common Stock is listed on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol “VFC”. As of April 29, 2023 there were 2,780 shareholders of record. Quarterly dividends on VF Common Stock, when declared, are paid on or about the 20th day of June, September, December and March.
PERFORMANCE GRAPH:

The following graph compares the cumulative total shareholder return on VF Common Stock with that of the Standard & Poor’s (“S&P”) 500 Index and the S&P 1500 Apparel, Accessories & Luxury Goods Subindustry Index (“S&P 1500 Apparel Index”) for Fiscal 2019 through Fiscal 2023. The S&P 1500 Apparel Index at the end of Fiscal 2023 consisted of Capri Holdings Limited, Carter’s, Inc., Columbia Sportswear Company, G-III Apparel Group, Ltd., Hanesbrands Inc., Kontoor Brands, Inc., Movado
Group, Inc., Oxford Industries, Inc., PVH Corp., Ralph Lauren Corporation, Tapestry, Inc., Under Armour, Inc. and VF Corporation. The graph assumes that $100 was invested at the end of Fiscal 2017 in each of VF Common Stock, the S&P 500 Index and the S&P 1500 Apparel Index, and that all dividends were reinvested. The graph plots the respective values on the last trading day of Fiscal 2017 through Fiscal 2023. Past performance is not necessarily indicative of future performance.
COMPARISON OF FIVE-YEAR CUMULATIVE TOTAL RETURN OF VF COMMON STOCK,
S&P 500 INDEX AND S&P 1500 APPAREL INDEX
VF Common Stock closing price on April 1, 2023 was $22.91
1439
Company / IndexBase Period
12/30/17
3/30/193/28/204/3/214/2/224/1/23
VF Corporation$100.00 $120.93 $87.43 $123.39 $90.37 $38.59 
S&P 500 Index100.00 108.67 99.37 159.91 183.40 168.65
S&P 1500 Apparel, Accessories & Luxury Goods100.00 101.34 53.51 105.47 89.06 70.21
VF Corporation Fiscal 2023 Form 10-K 23

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ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES:

The following table sets forth VF’s repurchases of our Common Stock during the fiscal quarter ended April 1, 2023 under the share repurchase program authorized by VF’s Board of Directors in 2017.
Fiscal PeriodTotal Number of Shares PurchasedWeighted Average Price Paid per ShareTotal Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced ProgramsDollar Value of Shares that May Yet be Purchased Under the Program
January 1, 2023 — January 28, 2023— $— — $2,486,971,057 
January 29, 2023 — February 25, 2023— — — 2,486,971,057 
February 26, 2023 — April 1, 2023— — — 2,486,971,057 
Total  

ITEM 6.    [RESERVED]

Not applicable.
ITEM 7.    MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS.
OVERVIEW

VF Corporation (together with its subsidiaries, collectively known as “VF” or the "Company”) is a global leader in the design, procurement, marketing and distribution of branded lifestyle apparel, footwear and accessories. VF’s diverse portfolio meets consumer needs across a broad spectrum of activities and lifestyles. Our long-term growth strategy is focused on four drivers — find and amplify consumer tailwinds, build brands on multiple growth horizons, leverage platforms for speed to scale and efficiency, and resource for portfolio agility and performance.
VF is diversified across brands, product categories, channels of distribution, geographies and consumer demographics. We own a broad portfolio of brands in the outerwear, footwear, apparel,
backpack, luggage and accessories categories. Our products are marketed to consumers through our wholesale channel, primarily in specialty stores, national chains, mass merchants, department stores, independently-operated partnership stores and with strategic digital partners. Our products are also marketed to consumers through our own direct-to-consumer operations, which include VF-operated stores, concession retail stores, brand e-commerce sites and other digital platforms.
VF is organized by groupings of brands and businesses represented by its reportable segments for financial reporting purposes. The three reportable segments are Outdoor, Active and Work.
BASIS OF PRESENTATION

VF operates and reports using a 52/53 week fiscal year ending on the Saturday closest to March 31 of each year. All references to the years ended March 2023 ("Fiscal 2023"), March 2022 ("Fiscal 2022") and March 2021 ("Fiscal 2021") relate to the 52-week fiscal years ended April 1, 2023 and April 2, 2022, and the 53-week fiscal year ended April 3, 2021, respectively.
The following discussion and analysis focuses on our financial results for the years ended March 2023 and 2022 and year-to-year comparisons between these years. A discussion of our results of operations for the year ended March 2022 compared to the year ended March 2021 is included in Part II, Item 7. "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended April 2, 2022, filed with the SEC on May 26, 2022, and is incorporated by reference into this Form 10-K.
All per share amounts are presented on a diluted basis. All percentages shown in the tables below and the discussion that follows have been calculated using unrounded numbers.
References to the year ended March 2023 foreign currency amounts and impacts below reflect the changes in foreign exchange rates from the year ended March 2022 when
translating foreign currencies into U.S. dollars. VF’s most significant foreign currency exposure relates to business conducted in euro-based countries. Additionally, VF conducts business in other developed and emerging markets around the world with exposure to foreign currencies other than the euro.
On June 28, 2021, VF completed the sale of its Occupational Workwear business. The Occupational Workwear business was comprised primarily of the following brands and businesses: Red Kap®, VF Solutions®, Bulwark®, Workrite®, Walls®, Terra®, Kodiak®, Work Authority® and Horace Small®. The business also included the license of certain Dickies® occupational workwear products that have historically been sold through the business-to-business channel. The results of the Occupational Workwear business and the related cash flows have been reported as discontinued operations in the Consolidated Statements of Operations and Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, respectively, through the date of sale. These changes have been applied to all periods presented. Refer to Note 4 for additional information on discontinued operations.
Unless otherwise noted, amounts, percentages and discussion for all periods included below reflect the results of operations and financial condition from VF's continuing operations.
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RECENT DEVELOPMENTS

Executive Leadership Transition
On December 2, 2022, the Board of Directors appointed Benno Dorer, a member of the Board, as Interim President and Chief Executive Officer of the Company, effective immediately. In addition, Richard Carucci, a member of the Board, was appointed as Interim Chair of the Board on the same date. Mr. Dorer and Mr. Carucci succeed Steve Rendle, who, by mutual agreement with the Board, retired as President and Chief Executive Officer of the Company and Chair of the Board on the same date. The Company's search for a permanent successor to the President and Chief Executive Officer role is ongoing.
Dividend Update
During the fourth quarter of Fiscal 2023, the Board of Directors declared a quarterly dividend of $0.30 per share that was paid during the fourth quarter of Fiscal 2023, which represented a 41% reduction when compared to the dividend of $0.51 per share paid in the third quarter of Fiscal 2023. The decrease in the dividend was an action taken to strengthen the Company's financial position, accelerate the return to target leverage ratios and provide additional financial flexibility to navigate the current macroeconomic challenges and maintain investments to advance its greatest value creation opportunities. On May 16, 2023, the Board of Directors declared a quarterly dividend of $0.30 per share that is payable during the first quarter of Fiscal 2024. Subject to approval by its Board of Directors, VF intends to continue to pay quarterly dividends.
Macroeconomic Environment
The macroeconomic environment continues to dynamically evolve. Global trends, including inflationary pressures, are weakening consumer sentiment, negatively impacting consumer spending behavior and creating variable traffic patterns across channels. These conditions have led to elevated inventories in certain markets and an increased promotional environment. Additionally, the strong U.S. dollar has resulted in unfavorable foreign currency exchange rate changes, which have significantly impacted the results of our international businesses. The Company is also operating in a higher interest rate environment, resulting in increased borrowing costs. There is ongoing uncertainty around the global economy and macroeconomic environment, which we expect to continue and may cause disruption and near-term challenges for our business.

Russia-Ukraine Conflict
In response to the ongoing conflict in Ukraine, all VF-operated retail locations within Russia are permanently closed. Limited wholesale shipments to both Russia and Ukraine have resumed. Revenues in Russia and Ukraine represented less than 1% of VF's total Fiscal 2023 revenue. While we are not able to determine the ultimate length and severity of the conflict, we currently do not expect significant disruption to our business.
Impact of COVID-19 and Supply Chain Update
The coronavirus ("COVID-19") pandemic has significantly impacted global economic conditions, as well as VF's business operations and financial performance, which continued into Fiscal 2023.
VF-operated retail stores across the globe were impacted due to COVID-19, including temporary closures for varying periods. In Fiscal 2023, the impacts were most notable in the Asia-Pacific region, including Mainland China. VF is continuing to monitor the COVID-19 outbreak globally and will comply with guidance from government entities and public health authorities to prioritize the health and well-being of its employees, customers, trade partners and consumers. As COVID-19 uncertainty continues, retail store closures may recur.
COVID-19 also impacted some of VF's suppliers, including raw material suppliers, third-party manufacturers, logistics providers and other vendors. The resurgence of COVID-19 lockdowns in key sourcing countries resulted in additional manufacturing capacity constraints and logistical challenges during Fiscal 2023. VF worked with its suppliers to minimize disruption and employed expedited freight as needed. Although the situation has improved over time, lead times across the supply chain coupled with higher volatility on the distribution and logistics network, particularly in the Americas, and event-driven spikes in demand, led to inconsistent on-time delivery performance and higher cancellations with our wholesale partners and inefficiencies in support of our direct-to-consumer business during certain timeframes in Fiscal 2023.
VF's distribution centers are operational in accordance with local government guidelines.
The COVID-19 pandemic is dynamic in nature and may result in ongoing disruption to our business.
For additional information regarding recent developments, see "Item 1A. Risk Factors."

VF Corporation Fiscal 2023 Form 10-K 25

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HIGHLIGHTS OF THE YEAR ENDED MARCH 2023

Revenues decreased 2% to $11.6 billion compared to the year ended March 2022, including a 5% unfavorable impact from foreign currency.
Outdoor segment revenues increased 6% to $5.6 billion compared to the year ended March 2022, including a 6% unfavorable impact from foreign currency.
Active segment revenues decreased 9% to $4.9 billion compared to the year ended March 2022, including a 4% unfavorable impact from foreign currency.
Work segment revenues decreased 6% to $1.1 billion compared to the year ended March 2022, including a 2% unfavorable impact from foreign currency.
Direct-to-consumer revenues were down 3% compared to the year ended March 2022, including a 4% unfavorable impact from foreign currency. Direct-to-consumer revenues accounted for 45% of VF’s total revenues in the year ended March 2023. E-commerce revenues decreased 6% in the year ended March 2023 compared to the year ended March 2022, including a 5% unfavorable impact from foreign currency.
International revenues decreased 2% compared to the year ended March 2022, including a 10% unfavorable impact from foreign currency. Revenues in Europe were flat, including a 12% unfavorable impact from foreign currency. Greater China (which includes Mainland China, Hong Kong and Taiwan) revenues were down 14%, including a 7% unfavorable impact from foreign currency. International revenues represented 48% of VF’s total revenues in the year ended March 2023.
Gross margin decreased 200 basis points to 52.5% in the year ended March 2023 compared to the year ended March 2022, primarily driven by higher promotional activity, and higher material and labor costs, partially offset by price increases and lower freight costs.
Earnings per share decreased to $0.31 in the year ended March 2023 from $3.10 in the year ended March 2022. The most significant individual driver of the decrease was the Supreme reporting unit goodwill and intangible asset impairment charges, which totaled $735.0 million on a pre-tax basis and reduced earnings per share by $1.72.
VF paid $702.8 million in cash dividends in the year ended March 2023.
ANALYSIS OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Consolidated Statements of Operations
The following table presents a summary of the changes in net revenues for the year ended March 2023 compared to the year ended March 2022:
(In millions)Year Ended March
Net revenues — 2022$11,841.8 
Organic331.6 
Impact of foreign currency(560.9)
Net revenues — 2023$11,612.5 

Year Ended March 2023 Compared to Year Ended March 2022

VF reported a 2% decrease in revenues in Fiscal 2023 compared to Fiscal 2022. The revenue decrease was primarily driven by declines in the Active segment and a 5% unfavorable impact from foreign currency in the year ended March 2023. Revenues in the Active segment during Fiscal 2023 were impacted by weakness in the Americas region, primarily driven by declines in the Vans® brand. Revenues in the Active segment during the year ended March 2023 were also impacted by declines in the Asia-
Pacific region, which was negatively impacted by COVID-19 resurgence that caused disruption and consumption pressure in the region, particularly in Mainland China. The revenue decrease in Fiscal 2023 was also due to declines in the Work segment. The decrease in Fiscal 2023 was partially offset by global growth in the Outdoor segment driven by increases in The North Face® brand across all regions and broad-based operational strength in the Europe region.
Additional details on revenues are provided in the section titled “Information by Reportable Segment”.
The following table presents the percentage relationship to net revenues for components of the Consolidated Statements of Operations:
Year Ended March
20232022
Gross margin (net revenues less cost of goods sold)52.5 %54.5 %
Selling, general and administrative expenses43.4 40.7 
Impairment of goodwill and intangible assets6.3 — 
Operating margin2.8 %13.8 %

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Year Ended March 2023 Compared to Year Ended March 2022
Gross margin decreased 200 basis points to 52.5% in Fiscal 2023 compared to 54.5% in Fiscal 2022. The decrease in gross margin in Fiscal 2023 was driven by increased discounts and other promotional activity, and higher material and labor costs, partially offset by price increases and lower freight costs.
Selling, general and administrative expenses as a percentage of total revenues increased 270 basis points in Fiscal 2023 compared to Fiscal 2022. Selling, general and administrative expenses increased $210.7 million in Fiscal 2023 compared to Fiscal 2022, including the impact of a $150.0 million decrease in the estimated fair value of the contingent consideration liability associated with the Supreme acquisition, which reduced selling, general and administrative expenses in the year ended March 2022. The increase was also due to higher corporate restructuring charges and investments in information technology.
VF recorded goodwill and intangible asset impairment charges of $394.1 million and $340.9 million, respectively, in the year ended March 2023 related to the Supreme reporting unit. During the second quarter of Fiscal 2023, due to continued increases in the federal funds rate and strengthening of the U.S. dollar relative to other currencies, VF determined that a triggering event had occurred requiring a quantitative analysis of the Supreme reporting unit goodwill and indefinite-lived trademark intangible asset. As a result of the impairment testing performed, VF recorded impairment charges of $229.0 million and $192.9 million to the Supreme reporting unit goodwill and indefinite-lived trademark intangible asset, respectively. The impairment primarily related to an increase in the market-based discount rates used in the valuations and the negative impact of foreign currency exchange rate changes on financial projections. During the fourth quarter of Fiscal 2023, in connection with its annual impairment testing, VF performed a quantitative analysis of the Supreme reporting unit goodwill and indefinite-lived trademark intangible asset. As a result of the impairment testing performed, VF recorded additional impairment charges of $165.1 million and $148.0 million to the Supreme reporting unit goodwill and indefinite-lived trademark intangible asset, respectively. The impairment related to lower financial projections and increased risk of achieving management's forecasts.
In Fiscal 2023, operating margin decreased to 2.8% from 13.8% in Fiscal 2022, primarily due to the items described above.
Net interest expense increased $33.2 million to $164.6 million in Fiscal 2023. The increase in net interest expense was primarily due to higher short-term commercial paper borrowings, borrowings under the delayed draw Term Loan Agreement (the
"DDTL Agreement") and an increase in borrowing rates. The increase was partially offset by repayment of $1.0 billion in aggregate principal of the 2.050% Senior Notes due April 2022. Total outstanding interest-bearing debt averaged $6.2 billion and $5.6 billion for Fiscal 2023 and Fiscal 2022, respectively, with short-term borrowings representing 16.8% and 1.1% of average debt outstanding for the respective years. The weighted average interest rate on outstanding debt was 2.6% in Fiscal 2023 and 2.1% in Fiscal 2022.
Loss on debt extinguishment of $3.6 million was recorded in Fiscal 2022 as a result of the early redemption of $500.0 million in aggregate principal amount of VF's outstanding 2.050% Senior Notes due April 2022.
Other income (expense), net primarily consists of components of net periodic pension cost (excluding the service cost component), certain foreign currency and hedging gains and losses and other non-operating gains and losses. Other income (expense) netted to $(119.8) million and $26.2 million in Fiscal 2023 and Fiscal 2022, respectively. Other income (expense), net in Fiscal 2023 included a $91.8 million pension settlement charge, which resulted from the purchase of a group annuity contract and transfer of a portion of the assets and liabilities associated with the U.S. qualified defined benefit pension plan to an insurance company and $23.0 million of foreign currency and hedging losses. Other income (expense), net in Fiscal 2022 included $21.6 million of net periodic pension income driven by the expected return on plan assets and a $6.8 million gain related to certain insurance recoveries.
The effective income tax rate was (174.0)% in Fiscal 2023 compared to 20.2% in Fiscal 2022. The Fiscal 2023 effective income tax rate included a net discrete tax benefit of $96.8 million, which primarily related to the Internal Revenue Service ("IRS") examinations for tax year 2017 and short-tax year 2018 resulting in a $94.9 million favorable adjustment to VF's transition tax liability under the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act ("U.S. Tax Act"). The $96.8 million net discrete tax benefit in Fiscal 2023 decreased the effective income tax rate by 223.5% compared to an unfavorable 6.9% impact of discrete items for Fiscal 2022. Excluding discrete items, the effective tax rate during Fiscal 2023 increased by approximately 36.2% primarily due to the jurisdictional mix of earnings and goodwill impairment in Fiscal 2023.
As a result of the above, income from continuing operations in Fiscal 2023 was $118.6 million ($0.31 per diluted share), compared to $1.2 billion ($3.10 per diluted share) in Fiscal 2022.
Refer to additional discussion in the “Information by Reportable Segment” section below.
Information by Reportable Segment

VF's reportable segments are: Outdoor, Active and Work. We have included an Other category in the tables below for purposes of reconciliation of revenues and profit, but it is not considered a reportable segment. Other primarily includes sourcing activities related to transition services.
The primary financial measures used by management to evaluate the financial results of VF's reportable segments are segment revenues and segment profit. Segment profit comprises the operating income and other income (expense), net line items of each segment.
Refer to Note 20 to the consolidated financial statements for a summary of results of operations by segment, along with a reconciliation of segment profit to income before income taxes.
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Year Ended March 2023 Compared to Year Ended March 2022
The following tables present a summary of the changes in segment revenues and profit in the year ended March 2023 compared to the year ended March 2022 and revenues by region for our Top 4 brands for the years ended March 2023 and 2022:
Segment Revenues:
Year Ended March
(In millions)OutdoorActiveWorkOtherTotal
Segment revenues — 2022$5,327.6 $5,380.3 $1,133.1 $0.8 $11,841.8 
Organic629.1 (251.2)(45.7)(0.7)331.6 
Impact of foreign currency(309.2)(224.5)(27.2)— (560.9)
Segment revenues — 2023$5,647.5 $4,904.6 $1,060.2 $0.1 $11,612.5 
Segment Profit (Loss):
Year Ended March
(In millions)OutdoorActiveWorkOtherTotal
Segment profit (loss) — 2022$795.5 $979.7 $193.5 $(0.5)$1,968.2 
Organic50.5 (274.6)(69.4)(0.1)(293.8)
Impact of foreign currency(60.6)(50.4)(2.9)0.1 (113.7)
Segment profit (loss) — 2023$785.4 $654.7 $121.2 $(0.5)$1,560.7 
Note: Amounts may not sum due to rounding.
Top Brand Revenues:
Year Ended March 2023
(In millions)
Vans®
The North Face®
Timberland® (a)
Dickies®
Total
Americas$2,380.5 $1,896.4 $933.6 $513.6 $5,724.1 
Europe838.3 1,198.7 632.4 107.4 2,776.8 
Asia-Pacific464.1 517.6 218.7 104.2 1,304.6 
Global$3,682.9 $3,612.7 $1,784.7 $725.2 $9,805.5 
Year Ended March 2022
(In millions)
Vans®
The North Face®
Timberland® (a)
Dickies®
Total
Americas$2,640.8 $1,707.8 $944.1 $604.3 $5,897.0 
Europe917.7 1,129.9 628.4 89.5 2,765.5 
Asia-Pacific603.4 422.1 250.6 143.9 1,420.0 
Global$4,161.9 $3,259.7 $1,823.1 $837.7 $10,082.5 
(a)The global Timberland brand includes Timberland®, reported within the Outdoor segment and Timberland PRO®, reported within the Work segment.
Note: Amounts may not sum due to rounding.

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The following sections discuss the changes in revenues and profitability by segment. For purposes of this analysis, royalty revenues have been included in the wholesale channel for all periods.
Outdoor
Year Ended March
(Dollars in millions)20232022Percent Change
Segment revenues$5,647.5 $5,327.6 6.0 %
Segment profit785.4 795.5 (1.3)%
Operating margin13.9 %14.9 %
The Outdoor segment includes the following brands: The North Face®, Timberland®, Smartwool®, Altra® and Icebreaker®.

Year Ended March 2023 Compared to Year Ended March 2022
Global revenues for Outdoor increased 6% in Fiscal 2023 compared to Fiscal 2022, including a 6% unfavorable impact due to foreign currency. Revenues in the Americas region increased 6% in Fiscal 2023, including a 1% unfavorable impact from foreign currency. Revenues in the Europe region increased 4%, including a 13% unfavorable impact from foreign currency. Revenues in the Asia-Pacific region increased 9% in Fiscal 2023, including an 8% unfavorable impact from foreign currency.
Global revenues for The North Face® brand increased 11% in Fiscal 2023, including a 6% unfavorable impact from foreign currency. The increase reflects growth in all regions and channels compared to the prior year. Revenues in the Americas region increased 11% in the year ended March 2023, including a 1% unfavorable impact from foreign currency. Revenues in the Europe region increased 6% in Fiscal 2023, including a 13% unfavorable impact from foreign currency. Revenues in the Asia-Pacific region increased 23% in Fiscal 2023, including an 8% unfavorable impact from foreign currency.
Global revenues for the Timberland® brand decreased 5% in Fiscal 2023, driven by a 6% unfavorable impact from foreign
currency. Revenues in the Europe region increased 1% in the year ended March 2023, including a 12% unfavorable impact from foreign currency. Revenues in the Americas region decreased 8% in the year ended March 2023, including a 1% unfavorable impact from foreign currency. Revenues in the Asia-Pacific region decreased 13% in Fiscal 2023, including an 8% unfavorable impact from foreign currency.
Global direct-to-consumer revenues for Outdoor increased 7% in Fiscal 2023, including a 5% unfavorable impact from foreign currency. The increase was primarily due to strength in The North Face® brand and e-commerce growth. Global wholesale revenues increased 6% in Fiscal 2023, including a 6% unfavorable impact from foreign currency.
Operating margin decreased in Fiscal 2023 compared to Fiscal 2022, primarily due to increased discounts and other promotional activity, higher material and labor costs and increased advertising expenses, partially offset by lower freight costs and price increases.

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Active
Year Ended March
(Dollars in millions)20232022Percent Change
Segment revenues$4,904.6 $5,380.3 (8.8)%
Segment profit654.7 979.7 (33.2)%
Operating margin13.3 %18.2 %
The Active segment includes the following brands: Vans®, Supreme®, Kipling®, Napapijri®, Eastpak® and JanSport®.

Year Ended March 2023 Compared to Year Ended March 2022
Global revenues for Active decreased 9% in Fiscal 2023 compared to Fiscal 2022, including a 4% unfavorable impact from foreign currency. Revenues in the Americas region decreased 8% in Fiscal 2023. Revenues in the Europe region decreased 6% in the year ended March 2023, driven by an 11% unfavorable impact from foreign currency. Revenues in the Asia-Pacific region decreased 18% in Fiscal 2023, including an 8% unfavorable impact from foreign currency, and a 36% decrease in Greater China including a 4% unfavorable impact from foreign currency.
Vans® brand global revenues decreased 12% in Fiscal 2023, including a 4% unfavorable impact from foreign currency. The overall decline in Fiscal 2023 was primarily attributed to a 10% decrease in the Americas region, driven by the performance in the direct-to-consumer channel. Revenues in the Europe region decreased 9% in Fiscal 2023, driven by an 11% unfavorable impact from foreign currency. Revenues in the Asia-Pacific region decreased 23% in the year ended March 2023, including a 5% unfavorable impact from foreign currency.
Global direct-to-consumer revenues for Active decreased 10% in Fiscal 2023, including a 4% unfavorable impact from foreign currency. The decrease was primarily due to declines in the Americas region, which decreased 10% in Fiscal 2023. Global wholesale revenues for Active decreased 7% in Fiscal 2023, and included a 5% unfavorable impact from foreign currency. The decrease in Fiscal 2023 was primarily due to a 25% decrease in the Asia-Pacific region, including a 4% unfavorable impact from foreign currency. Wholesale revenues in the Americas region decreased 2% in the year ended March 2023. Wholesale revenues in the Europe region decreased 6% in the year ended March 2023, driven by an 11% unfavorable impact from foreign currency.
Operating margin decreased in Fiscal 2023 compared to Fiscal 2022, reflecting lower leverage of operating expenses due to decreased revenues. The decrease was also impacted by increased discounts and other promotional activity, and higher material and labor costs, partially offset by price increases.
Work
Year Ended March
(Dollars in millions)20232022Percent Change
Segment revenues$1,060.2 $1,133.1 (6.4)%
Segment profit121.2 193.5 (37.4)%
Operating margin11.4 %17.1 %
The Work segment includes the following brands: Dickies® and Timberland PRO®.

Year Ended March 2023 Compared to Year Ended March 2022
Global Work revenues decreased 6% in Fiscal 2023 compared to Fiscal 2022, including a 2% unfavorable impact from foreign currency. Revenues in the Americas region decreased 6% in Fiscal 2023, including a 1% unfavorable impact from foreign currency. Revenues in the Europe region increased 20%, including a 14% unfavorable impact from foreign currency, due to lower revenues in the prior year resulting from strategic business model changes. Revenues in the Asia-Pacific region decreased 28%, including an 8% unfavorable impact from foreign currency.
Dickies® brand global revenues decreased 13% in Fiscal 2023, including a 2% unfavorable impact from foreign currency. The
decline was primarily driven by a decrease of 15% in the Americas, reflecting a more conservative inventory posture by the brand's largest U.S. customer and weakness in other key U.S. wholesale customers. The decline in the year ended March 2023 was also attributed to a decrease in the Asia-Pacific region of 28%, including an 8% unfavorable impact from foreign currency. Revenues in the Europe region increased 20% in the year ended March 2023, including a 14% unfavorable impact from foreign currency.
Operating margin decreased in Fiscal 2023 compared to Fiscal 2022, primarily due to higher material and labor costs, and lower leverage of operating expenses due to decreased revenues. The decrease was partially offset by price increases.

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Reconciliation of Segment Profit to Consolidated Income Before Income Taxes

There are four types of costs necessary to reconcile total segment profit to consolidated income from continuing operations before income taxes. These costs are (i) impairment of goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets, which is excluded from segment profit because these costs are not part of the ongoing operations of the respective businesses, (ii) corporate and other expenses, which are excluded from segment profit to the extent they are not allocated to the segments, (iii) interest expense, net, and (iv) loss on debt
extinguishment, which are excluded from segment profit because substantially all financing costs are managed at the corporate office and are not under the control of segment management. Impairment of goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets, net interest expense and loss on debt extinguishment are discussed in the “Consolidated Statements of Operations” section, and corporate and other expenses are discussed below.
Year Ended March
(In millions)20232022
Impairment of goodwill and intangible assets$735.0 $— 
Corporate and other expenses617.8 309.8 
Interest expense, net164.6 131.5 
Loss on debt extinguishment— 3.6 

Corporate and other expenses are those that have not been allocated to the segments for internal management reporting, including (i) information systems and shared service costs, (ii) corporate headquarters costs, and (iii) certain other income and expenses.
Information Systems and Shared Services
These costs include management information systems and the centralized finance, supply chain and human resources functions that support worldwide operations. The costs also include software system implementations and upgrades and other strategic projects. Operating costs of information systems and shared services are charged to the segments based on utilization of those services. Costs to develop new software and related applications are generally not allocated to the segments.
Corporate Headquarters’ Costs
Headquarters’ costs include compensation and benefits of corporate management and staff, legal and professional fees, and general and administrative expenses that have not been allocated to the segments.
Other
This category includes (i) costs of corporate programs or corporate-managed decisions that are not allocated to the segments, (ii) costs of registering, maintaining and enforcing certain of VF’s trademarks, and (iii) miscellaneous consolidated activities, the most significant of which is related to VF’s centrally-managed U.S. defined benefit pension plans.
Corporate and other expenses increased $308.0 million in Fiscal 2023 when compared to the prior year. The increase was driven by an increase in corporate restructuring charges of $61.0 million, an increase in information technology costs of $38.8 million and a $91.8 million pension settlement charge recorded in the first quarter of Fiscal 2023. Additionally, the increase in the year ended March 2023 when compared to the 2022 period was driven by a $150.0 million decrease in the estimated fair value of the contingent consideration liability associated with the Supreme acquisition, which reduced expenses in the year ended March 2022. The increase in Fiscal 2023 was partially offset by lower employee compensation expenses compared to Fiscal 2022.
International Operations

International revenues decreased 2% in Fiscal 2023 compared to Fiscal 2022. Foreign currency had an unfavorable impact of 10% on international revenues in Fiscal 2023.
Revenues in the Europe region were flat in Fiscal 2023, driven by a 12% unfavorable impact from foreign currency. In the Asia-Pacific region, revenues decreased 7% in Fiscal 2023, including
an 8% unfavorable impact from foreign currency. Revenues in Greater China decreased 14% in Fiscal 2023, which was negatively impacted by COVID-19 resurgence in Mainland China and included a 7% unfavorable impact from foreign currency.
International revenues were 48% of total VF revenues in both Fiscal 2023 and Fiscal 2022.
Direct-to-Consumer Operations

Direct-to-consumer revenues decreased 3% in Fiscal 2023 over Fiscal 2022, driven by a 4% unfavorable impact from foreign currency.
VF's e-commerce business declined 6% in Fiscal 2023, including a 5% unfavorable impact from foreign currency. The decrease was primarily driven by declines in the Active segment e-commerce business, partially offset by growth in the Outdoor segment.
Revenues from VF-operated retail stores decreased 2% in Fiscal 2023, including a 3% unfavorable impact from foreign currency. VF opened 63 stores in Fiscal 2023, bringing the total number of VF-owned retail stores to 1,265 at March 2023, which also reflects 120 store closures during the period. There were 1,322 VF-owned retail stores at March 2022. Direct-to-consumer revenues were 45% of total VF revenues in Fiscal 2023 compared to 46% in Fiscal 2022.
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ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION
Balance Sheets

The following discussion refers to significant changes in balances for continuing operations at March 2023 compared to March 2022:
Increase in accounts receivable — primarily due to the timing of collections.
Increase in inventoriesdriven by increased in-transit inventory of $253.7 million resulting from the modification of terms with the majority of our suppliers to take ownership of inventory near point of shipment rather than destination, with the remaining increase resulting primarily from the impact of COVID-19 related challenges in the supply chain where prolonged manufacturing and logistics lead times forced earlier buy commitments, and softening consumer demand.
Decrease in intangible assets — primarily due to $340.9 million of impairment charges related to the Supreme® indefinite-lived trademark intangible asset recorded in Fiscal 2023.
Decrease in goodwill — primarily due to $394.1 million of impairment charges related to the Supreme reporting unit recorded in Fiscal 2023.
Increase in other assets — primarily due to the $875.7 million payment related to the 2011 taxes and interest being disputed in The Timberland Company court case, which was recorded as an income tax receivable based on the technical merits of our position with regards to the case.
Decrease in short-term borrowingsprimarily due to a decrease in commercial paper borrowings.
Increase in the current portion of long-term debtdue to the reclassification of €850.0 million ($923.4 million) of long-term notes due in September 2023, partially offset by the repayment of $500.0 million of long-term notes in April 2022.
Increase in accounts payable — primarily due to the modification of terms with the majority of our suppliers to take ownership of inventory near point of shipment rather than destination and timing of payments.
Decrease in accrued liabilities primarily due to lower accrued income taxes, lower accrued compensation and the payout of the contingent consideration liability associated with the Supreme acquisition.
Increase in long-term debt — due to the issuance of €500.0 million euro-denominated 4.125% fixed-rate notes maturing in March 2026 and €500.0 million euro-denominated 4.250% fixed-rate notes maturing in March 2029, and borrowings of $1.0 billion under the DDTL Agreement in Fiscal 2023, partially offset by the reclassification of €850.0 million ($923.4 million) of long-term notes due in September 2023.
Decrease in other liabilities — primarily due to a $94.9 million favorable adjustment to VF's transition tax liability under the U.S. Tax Act pursuant to IRS examinations, lower pension liabilities and lower deferred compensation.
Liquidity and Cash Flows

We consider the following to be measures of our liquidity and capital resources:
(Dollars in millions)March 2023March 2022
Working capital$1,606.9$1,272.7
Current ratio1.5 to 11.4 to 1
Net debt to total capital71.6%61.0%

The increase in working capital and the current ratio at March 2023 compared to March 2022 was primarily due to a net increase in current assets driven by higher inventories. The overall increase was partially offset by a net increase in current liabilities driven by a higher current portion of long-term debt and higher accounts payable, which were partially offset by lower short-term borrowings and lower accrued liabilities for the periods compared as discussed in the "Balance Sheets" section above.
For the ratio of net debt to total capital, net debt is defined as short-term and long-term borrowings, in addition to operating lease liabilities, net of unrestricted cash. Total capital is defined as net debt plus stockholders’ equity. The increase in the net debt to total capital ratio at March 2023 compared to March 2022 was primarily driven by an increase in net debt at March 2023 and a decrease in stockholders' equity. The increase in net debt was primarily attributed to the issuance of €1.0 billion euro-denominated fixed rate notes and $1.0 billion of borrowings
under the DDTL Agreement in Fiscal 2023, as discussed in the "Balance Sheet" section above. The increase in net debt at March 2023 compared to March 2022 was partially offset by the repayment of $500.0 million of long-term notes in April 2022. The decrease in stockholders' equity at March 2023 compared to March 2022 was primarily driven by payments of dividends, partially offset by net income in the period.
VF’s primary source of liquidity is its expected annual cash flow from operating activities. Cash from operations is typically lower in the first half of the calendar year as inventory builds to support peak sales periods in the second half of the calendar year. Cash provided by operating activities in the second half of the calendar year is substantially higher as inventories are sold and accounts receivable are collected. Additionally, direct-to-consumer sales are highest in the fourth quarter of the calendar year. VF's additional sources of liquidity include available borrowing capacity against its Global Credit Facility, available cash balances and international lines of credit.
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In summary, our cash flows from continuing operations were as follows:
Year Ended March
(In millions)20232022
Cash provided (used) by operating activities$(655.8)$858.2 
Cash provided (used) by investing activities(188.1)904.3 
Cash provided (used) by financing activities463.9 (1,268.8)

Cash Provided (Used) by Operating Activities

Cash flows related to operating activities are dependent on net income, adjustments to net income and changes in working capital. The decrease in cash provided by operating activities in Fiscal 2023 compared to Fiscal 2022 was primarily due to an increase in net cash used by working capital and lower earnings for the periods compared. The increase in cash used by working capital was primarily driven by higher inventory balances and the $875.7 million payment related to the 2011 taxes and interest being disputed in The Timberland Company court case.
Cash Provided (Used) by Investing Activities
The decrease in cash provided by investing activities in Fiscal 2023 compared to Fiscal 2022 was primarily due to $616.9 million of net proceeds from the sale of the Occupational Workwear business and $598.8 million of proceeds from the sale of short-term investments in Fiscal 2022. Capital expenditures decreased $79.5 million and software purchases increased $12.5 million in Fiscal 2023 compared to the Fiscal 2022 period. The decrease in capital expenditures was primarily driven by higher spending in the prior year related to a new distribution center in the Americas region. Fiscal 2023 also includes $99.5 million of proceeds from sale of assets, primarily related to certain office real estate and related assets.
Cash Provided (Used) by Financing Activities
The increase in cash provided by financing activities in Fiscal 2023 compared to Fiscal 2022 was primarily due to the issuance of €1.0 billion euro-denominated fixed rate notes and borrowings of $1.0 billion under the DDTL Agreement in Fiscal 2023. The increase was also due to a $350.0 million decrease in share repurchases and a $70.4 million decrease in dividends paid for the periods compared, partially offset by a net decrease in short-term borrowings of $648.4 million for the periods compared and the $57.0 million payment of Supreme contingent consideration in Fiscal 2023.
Share Repurchases
VF did not purchase shares of its Common Stock in the open market during Fiscal 2023. During Fiscal 2022, VF purchased 4.8 million shares of its Common Stock in open market transactions at a total cost of $350.0 million (average price per share of $72.84) under the share repurchase program authorized by VF's Board of Directors.
As of the end of Fiscal 2023, VF had $2.5 billion remaining for future repurchases under its share repurchase authorization. VF's capital deployment priorities in the near-to-medium term will be focused on optimizing and driving the performance of the current portfolio, reducing leverage and returning capital to shareholders in the form of dividends.
Revolving Credit Facility and Short-term Borrowings
VF relies on its ability to generate cash flows to finance its ongoing operations. In addition, VF has significant liquidity from its available cash balances and credit facilities. VF maintains a $2.25 billion senior unsecured revolving line of credit (the "Global Credit Facility") that expires in November 2026. VF may request an unlimited number of one year extensions so long as each extension does not cause the remaining life of the Global Credit Facility to exceed five years, subject to stated terms and conditions. The Global Credit Facility may be used to borrow funds in U.S. dollars or any alternative currency (including euros and any other currency that is freely convertible into U.S. dollars, approved at the request of the Company by the lenders) and has a $75.0 million letter of credit sublimit. In addition, the Global Credit Facility supports VF’s U.S. commercial paper program for short-term, seasonal working capital requirements and general corporate purposes, including dividends, acquisitions and share repurchases. Outstanding short-term balances may vary from period to period depending on the level of corporate requirements.
VF has restrictive covenants on its Global Credit Facility, including a consolidated net indebtedness to consolidated net capitalization financial ratio covenant, as defined in the agreement as amended in February 2023, starting at 70% with future step downs. The calculation of consolidated net indebtedness is net of unrestricted cash and the calculation of consolidated net capitalization permits certain addbacks, including non-cash impairment charges, as defined in the amended agreement. The covenant calculation also excludes consolidated operating lease liabilities. As of March 2023, VF was in compliance with all covenants.
VF has a commercial paper program that allows for borrowings up to $2.25 billion to the extent that it has borrowing capacity under the Global Credit Facility. As of March 2023, there were no commercial paper borrowings. Standby letters of credit issued as of March 2023 were $7.7 million, leaving approximately $2.2 billion available for borrowing against the Global Credit Facility at March 2023. Additionally, VF had approximately $814.9 million of cash and equivalents at March 2023.
VF has $84.6 million of international lines of credit with various banks, which are uncommitted and may be terminated at any time by either VF or the banks. Total outstanding balances under these arrangements were $11.5 million at March 2023. Borrowings under these arrangements had a weighted average interest rate of 39.1% at March 2023.
Senior Notes Issuance
In March 2023, VF issued €500.0 million of 4.125% euro-denominated fixed-rate notes maturing in March 2026 and €500.0 million of 4.250% euro-denominated fixed-rate notes maturing in March 2029. The 2029 notes were issued as a green bond, and thus an amount equal to the net proceeds has been
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dedicated to projects that focus on VF's key environmental sustainability initiatives.
Maturity
On April 25, 2022, VF repaid the remaining $500.0 million in aggregate principal amount of its outstanding 2.050% Senior Notes due April 2022, in accordance with the terms of the notes.
Term Debt Facility
In August 2022, the Company entered into a DDTL Agreement. Under the DDTL Agreement, the lenders agreed to provide up to three separate delayed draw term loans (each, a “Delayed Draw”) to the Company in an aggregate principal amount of up to $1.0 billion (which may be increased to $1.1 billion subject to the terms and conditions of the DDTL Agreement). The DDTL Agreement has a stated termination date of December 14, 2024. Subject to the terms and conditions of the DDTL Agreement, the Company may request extensions of the termination date.
During the third quarter of Fiscal 2023, VF completed two draws under the DDTL Agreement totaling $1.0 billion, all of which will mature on December 14, 2024. The weighted average interest rate on these borrowings at March 2023 was 5.73%.
Supply Chain Financing Program
During the first quarter of Fiscal 2023, VF reinstated its voluntary supply chain finance ("SCF") program. The SCF program enables a significant portion of our suppliers of inventory to leverage VF's credit rating to receive payment from participating financial institutions prior to the payment date specified in the terms between VF and the supplier. The SCF program is administered through third-party platforms that allow participating suppliers to track payments from VF and elect which VF receivables, if any, to sell to the financial institutions. The transactions are at the sole discretion of both the suppliers and financial institutions, and VF is not a party to the agreements and has no economic interest in the supplier's decision to sell a receivable. The terms between VF and the supplier, including the amount due and scheduled payment dates, are not impacted by a supplier's participation in the SCF program. Amounts due to suppliers who voluntarily participate in the SCF program are included in the accounts payable line item in VF's Consolidated Balance Sheets and VF payments made under the SCF program are reflected in cash flows from operating activities in VF's Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows. VF has been informed by the participating financial institutions that amounts payable to them for suppliers who voluntarily participated in the SCF program and included in the accounts payable line item in VF's Consolidated Balance Sheet was $161.4 million at March 2023. The amounts settled through the SCF program were $989.8 million during the year ended March 2023.
In the second quarter of Fiscal 2023, VF extended its payment terms with eligible suppliers under the SCF program. The extended payment terms had a positive impact on Fiscal 2023 cash flows from operating activities of approximately $95.0 million and VF also expects a positive impact in Fiscal 2024; however, the change is not expected to have a material impact on VF's long-term overall liquidity or capital resources.

Rating Agencies
VF’s credit agency ratings allow for access to additional liquidity at competitive rates. At the end of March 2023, VF’s long-term debt ratings were ‘BBB+’ by Standard & Poor’s ("S&P") Global Ratings and ‘Baa2’ by Moody’s Investors Service ("Moody's"), and commercial paper ratings by those rating agencies were ‘A-2’ and ‘P-2’, respectively. VF's credit rating outlook at the end of March 2023 was 'negative' by S&P and 'stable' by Moody's.
None of VF’s long-term debt agreements contain acceleration of maturity clauses based solely on changes in credit ratings. However, if there were a change in control of VF and, as a result of the change in control the notes were rated below investment grade by recognized rating agencies, then VF would be obligated to repurchase the notes at 101% of the aggregate principal amount, plus any accrued and unpaid interest, if required by the respective holders of the notes. The change of control provision applies to all notes, except for the 2033 notes.
Dividends
Cash dividends totaled $1.81 per share in Fiscal 2023 compared to $1.98 in Fiscal 2022. The dividend payout ratio was 592.8% of diluted earnings per share in Fiscal 2023 compared to 56.0% in Fiscal 2022. The Company has declared a dividend of $0.30 per share that is payable in the first quarter of Fiscal 2024. Subject to approval by its Board of Directors, VF intends to continue to pay quarterly dividends.
Other Matters
As previously reported, VF petitioned the U.S. Tax Court (the “Court”) to resolve an IRS dispute regarding the timing of income inclusion associated with VF’s acquisition of The Timberland Company in September 2011. While the IRS argues that all such income should have been immediately included in 2011, VF has reported periodic income inclusions in subsequent tax years. Both parties moved for summary judgment on the issue. On January 31, 2022, the Court issued its opinion in favor of the IRS and on July 14, 2022 issued its final decision. VF believes the opinion of the Court was in error based on the technical merits and filed a notice of appeal on October 7, 2022. On October 19, 2022, VF paid $875.7 million related to the 2011 taxes and interest being disputed, which was recorded as an income tax receivable based on the technical merits of our position with regards to the case and will accrue interest income. VF continues to believe its timing and treatment of the income inclusion is appropriate and VF is vigorously defending its position. However, should the Court opinion ultimately be upheld on appeal, this income tax receivable will not be collected by VF. If the Court opinion is upheld, VF should be entitled to a refund of taxes paid on the periodic inclusions that VF has reported. However, any such refund could be substantially reduced by potential indirect tax effects resulting from application of the Court opinion. Deferred tax liabilities, representing VF’s future tax on annual inclusions, would also be released. The net impact to tax expense is estimated to be up to $730.0 million, plus the reversal of any interest income accrued on the payment, which was approximately $12.0 million at March 2023.
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Contractual Obligations
Following is a summary of VF’s material contractual obligations and commercial commitments at the end of March 2023 that will require the use of funds:
  Payment Due or Forecasted by Fiscal Year
(In millions)Total20242025202620272028Thereafter
Recorded liabilities:
Long-term debt (1)
$6,682 $925 $1,002 $1,295 $$1,045 $2,414 
Operating leases (2)
1,575 363 309 232 189 123 360 
Unrecorded commitments:
Interest payment obligations (3)
1,110 192 173 128 105 92 421 
Inventory obligations (4)
2,294 2,225 68 — — — — 
$11,661 $3,705 $1,551 $1,655 $295 $1,260 $3,195 
Note: Amounts may not sum due to rounding.
(1)Long-term debt consists of required undiscounted principal payments on long-term debt and finance lease obligations.
(2)Operating leases represent required undiscounted lease payments during the noncancelable lease term. Variable payments for occupancy-related costs, real estate taxes, insurance and contingent rent are not included above. In addition, $73.7 million of leases (on an undiscounted basis) that have not yet commenced with terms of 2 to 12 years beginning in Fiscal 2024 are not included above.
(3)Interest payment obligations represent required interest payments on long-term debt. Amounts exclude amortization of debt issuance costs, debt discounts and acquisition costs that would be included in interest expense in the consolidated financial statements.
(4)Inventory obligations represent binding commitments to purchase finished goods and raw materials that are payable upon VF taking ownership of the inventory. This obligation excludes the amount included in accounts payable at March 2023 related to inventory purchases.

VF had other financial commitments at the end of Fiscal 2023 that are not included in the above table but may require the use of funds under certain circumstances:
$110.9 million of surety bonds, custom bonds, standby letters of credit and international bank guarantees are not included in the table above because they represent contingent guarantees of performance under self-insurance and other programs and would only be drawn upon if VF were to fail to meet its other obligations.